Health Conditions, Utilization, and Expenditures of Children in Foster Care. Demographic Characteristics


Demographic variables available on the SMRF files include age, gender, and race/ethnicity. We created a measure of urbanicity by merging ZIP codes from the SMRF person summary file to the Area Resource File to identify large urban, small urban, and rural areas. Large urban areas are metropolitan statistical areas (MSAs) with one million or more residents, small urban areas are MSAs with less than one million residents, and rural areas are those located outside of an MSA.