Giving Noncustodial Parents Options: Employment and Child Support Outcomes of the SHARE Program. Summary


The process of identifying eligible NCPs and engaging them in SHARE was lengthy and often unsuccessful. Overall, about half of the individuals referred to SHARE ever appeared at a court hearing at which the program was explained to them. However, two-thirds of those who did appear were referred for WtW services, suggesting that many of the targeted NCPs faced significant employment difficulties that made it hard for them to pay child support. Once referred to SHARE, it usually took several months for an individual to appear in court, and often more than two years elapsed before a case was resolved and referred back to DCS. Even so, the longer the SHARE process continued, the greater the likelihood of success in reestablishing child support payments. Referred cases were most likely to be resolved with the NCP paying child support if the NCP had appeared for a hearing with YCPA staff, and if he had been referred to WtW for employment services. However, YCPA staff also seemed to achieve success with NCPs who appeared for their hearings and opted to find employment and/or resume paying child support on their own.


12.  The information from YCPA's SHARE database does not enable us to distinguish between SHARE-eligible NCPs whom YCPA was unable to serve a contempt citation and NCPs who were located and thus served but still failed to appear at their contempt hearing. Hence, for our analysis, we classify both groups of NCPs as individuals who never appeared at a contempt hearing.

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