MFS-IP programs faced unique challenges in cross-agency collaboration and partnership based on their charge: to implement human services programming within correctional institution walls. Many faced the challenge of delivering concurrent or continuous services in the community as well.
The grantees themselves came from both within and outside the local correctional system (see Table 1), and the particular obstacles they faced in these endeavors differed based on the sector from which they came.
Chief among the challenges faced by both corrections and community-based agencies was the need to collaborate for service delivery within and outside of the prison walls. Because healthy organizational partnerships were essential to service delivery in many sites, overcoming the challenges associated with building and maintaining these partnerships was central to a grantee’s ability to achieve its program goals. Depending on each grantee’s agency type, infrastructure and program design, partner organizations might have included:
- The state department of correction
- Correctional facility personnel
- Probation and parole agencies
- County social service agencies
- Domestic violence agencies
- Other community- and faith-based organizations
|Site||Location||Type of Grantee Agency|
|Centerforce||San Rafael, California||Community-based nonprofit|
|Child and Family Services of New Hampshire||Manchester, New Hampshire||Community-based nonprofit|
|Indiana Department of Correction||Indianapolis, Indiana||State correctional agency|
|Lutheran Social Services of South Dakota||Sioux Falls, South Dakota||Faith-based organization|
|Maryland Department of Human Resources||Baltimore, Maryland||State human services agency|
|Minnesota Council on Crime and Justice||Minneapolis, Minnesota||Community-based nonprofit|
|New Jersey Department of Corrections||Trenton, New Jersey||State correctional agency|
|Oakland Livingston Human Services Association||Pontiac, Michigan||Community-based nonprofit|
|The Osborne Association||Brooklyn, New York||Community-based nonprofit|
|The RIDGE Project||Defiance, Ohio||Faith-based organization|
|Shelby County Division of Correction||Memphis, Tennessee||County correctional agency|
|Texas Arms of Love /People of Principle||Odessa, Texas||Community-based nonprofit|
Some grantees reached out to the community for service delivery and partnership building, while others “reached in” to correctional institutions. Both models were successful and both had significant challenges.