Final Synthesis Report of Findings from ASPE "Leavers" Grants. Chapter VI: Material hardship and Relative Well-Being


Income, earnings, and program participation are important parts of economic well-being, but they do not capture all aspects of well-being. A number of ASPE-funded leaver studies have collected information in their surveys that reveals the extent to which former recipients experience particular material hardships, such as hunger and housing problems.37 Many studies also compare the hardships leavers experience after exit with their experiences while on welfare to assess whether their well-being has improved or gotten worse.38 The questions across these surveys are not identical, so comparisons need to be made carefully. However, the addition of these measures significantly broadens our understanding of the well-being of welfare leavers.В