Final Synthesis Report of Findings from ASPE "Leavers" Grants. Chapter III: Employment and Earnings


A central goal of welfare reform is moving families from welfare to work and, ultimately, to self-sufficiency. All of the ASPE-funded leaver studies present findings on the post-TANF employment and earnings of welfare leavers. Studies that have reported survey results present additional information on the attributes of the jobs working leavers hold, the hours they work, and the obstacles they must overcome to obtain and keep jobs. In this chapter, we examine the employment status of welfare leavers, reviewing reported findings from administrative data as well as from survey data. Using public use data files, we are also able to make cross-study comparisons of information not necessarily presented in the completed studies.