Final Synthesis Report of Findings from ASPE "Leavers" Grants. Chapter II: The Context for ASPE-funded Leaver Studies


Before comparing and contrasting the status of welfare leavers across the leaver studies reviewed in this synthesis report, it is important to understand the environment in which families make their decisions to leave welfare. Indeed, the status of welfare leavers is likely affected by the welfare policies states have adopted, the economic opportunities prevailing in the states, and even the characteristics of the recipients themselves. Because there are so many factors contributing to the well-being of leavers, it is difficult to ascribe differences in outcomes across studies to any specific difference in context. In addition, in this descriptive synthesis report, all of these contextual differences cannot be taken into account simultaneously. However, these differences may be noted as they come to bear on comparisons across studies.