As noted in the methodology section, we asked focus group participants to complete a short self-administered survey. This section of the report presents the results of that survey.
The participants also reported on the range of monthly charges ($1,400 to $5,000) and the average monthly charge ($2,930 per month) by the assisted living facilities. This range and average rate was probably lower than one would find in a study that did not include Oregon, which provides Medicaid funding for the "service" component of assisted living charges. Other states either provide no direct coverage of assisted living for low income elderly or provide limited coverage through Medicaid waiver programs.
|EXHIBIT 2. Results of Focus Group Participant Survey|
|Relationship to Resident||Spouse||11%|
|Annual Income of Loved One in an Assisted Living Facility2||< $1,200||16%|
|$1,200 - 4,999||2%|
|$5,000 - 8,999||3%|
|$9,000 - 13,999||28%|
|$14,000 - 24,999||28%|
|$25,000 - 49,999||17%|
|Family Provision of Financial Support||Some provided||11%|
|Length of Stay in Current Facility||21.6 months||N.A.|
|Monthly Charge by the Facility||Range: $1,400 - $5,000||N.A.|
|Average charge: $2,930||N.A.|
|Type of Unit in the Assisted Living Facility||Private apartment||24%|
|Private room/shared bath||11%|
|Semi-private room with bath||5%|
|Semi-private room with communal bath||18%|
|Other (e.g., studio apartment)||5%|
|Prior Use of Long-Term Care Services||Use of any type of LTC services||75%|
|Adult day care||5%|
|Board and care home||18%|
|Other assisted living||29%|
|Other (e.g., retirement home)||16%|
|Family Expectations About Length of Stay in Current Facility||Expect loved one to stay indefinitely in current assisted living facility||54%|
|Expect loved will have to move||46%|
Given the typical monthly charge, as might be expected, few of the elders residing in assisted living facilities were poor. More than 98 percent had annual incomes of more than $5,000; 95 percent had annual incomes higher than $9,000; 67 percent had incomes above $14,000 per year; and 39 percent had incomes greater than $25,000 per year. Given this, it is not surprising that most family members were providing emotional and physical support rather than financial support to the loved one in assisted living (i.e., only 11 percent of families provided financial support). We also found that most families and elders with dementia (75 percent) had some prior experience receiving long-term care services, while nearly one-third of the loved ones with dementia had been in another assisted living facility before the current facility.
We also asked a few questions about the loved one's experience in assisted living. We found that 61 percent of the loved ones resided in a private room or apartment; five percent in another arrangements, such as a studio apartment; and 34 percent were living in a shared room (semi-private). The average time the loved one had been in the current assisted living facility was nearly two years (i.e., 21.6 months). Finally, we found that family members were about evenly divided among those who expected their family member to be able to "age-in-place" and remain in the current facility indefinitely (54 percent) and those who expected that their loved one would eventually need to be moved to receive the level of care they would require (46 percent).