Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Transportation Barriers

10/01/2004

Survey respondents were asked about transportation barriers to their employment, including whether they had a driver’s license, whether they owned a vehicle or had access to a vehicle, and how they got to work.
 
  • Fewer than half of the high school dropouts had a drivers’ license.

Two-thirds of all respondents had a driver’s license at the time of the survey (data not shown). The least educated respondents have the greatest transportation barriers, as judged by ability to drive, as shown in Appendix E Figure IV-b.28

  • Vehicle ownership and access varied by education and employment status.

One-third of the respondents owned a car or other vehicle, and again, the likelihood of owning a vehicle increased with education (Appendix E Figure IV-b).29 Overall, 60% of the survey respondents either owned a vehicle or had access to a vehicle, and the likelihood of owning or having access to a vehicle increased with education (data not shown). Thus, lack of access to vehicles is probably a barrier for some non-employed recipients who would like to work.

Vehicle ownership also varied by employment status. Forty-six percent of the respondents who were working at the time of the survey owned a vehicle, compared to slightly more than a quarter of non-working respondents (data not shown).30
 
  • Almost a third of the respondents reported that transportation had been a barrier to employment, education, or training in the past year.

Respondents who were currently employed or attending school or training were asked how they got to their job or school. Almost half of these respondents drove to their job or school activities, while a third got rides (Appendix E Figure IV-c). Only 7% used buses or other public transportation, reflecting the fact that many areas of South Carolina have limited public transportation.


28 Differences were statistically significant at the 99% confidence level.
29 Differences were statistically significant at the 99% confidence level.
30 Difference was statistically significant at the 95% confidence level.

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