Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Findings on Hospitalization

10/01/2004

  • Adult TANF recipients had over twice the hospitalization rate of the general population.

Figure VII-4 shows that the rate for white TANF adults was almost 2.6 times greater than the rate for the general white adult population. The rate for non-white TANF adults was 2.2 times greater than the rate for the overall non-white population. Much of the difference was due to birth complications – the rate of hospitalization for birth complications was 11 times higher for adult TANF recipients than for adults in the general population. Pregnancy and birth complications may cause unemployment and other financial problems, bringing clients to the TANF program. In addition, the rate of hospitalization for genitourinary diseases for adult TANF recipients was nearly twice that of the rate for adults in the general population.

Hospitalization rates for TANF children were much more similar to non-TANF children than were the rates for adults. Figure VII-5 shows that the differences among subgroups of children are much less than for adult hospitalizations. While the rate for white TANF children was 25% higher than the rate for non-white TANF children, the rate for non-white TANF children was actually lower than the rate for non-white children in the general population.
 
Compared to the other three subgroups shown in Figure VII-6, white TANF adults had a much higher rate of hospitalization for mental disorders. Whites and blacks in the general population had approximately the same rate, which was about one-fifth that of white TANF adults. The rate of hospitalization for black TANF adults was about one-third that of white TANF adults. These findings are consistent with the survey results presented in Chapter IV of the report, showing that white TANF recipients were much more likely than black TANF recipients to report mental health problems.
 
Figure VII-4 - Hospitalization Rates Among Adults in South Carolina -- Rates per 10,000 by Ethnicity
Rates per 10,000 TANF cases and per 10,000 South Carolina population. Data for adults aged 18-64 discharged from hospitals between May 2001 and March 2002.
 
Figure VII-5 - Hospitalization Rates Among Children in South Carolina -- Rates per 10,000 Population by Ethnicity
Rates per 10,000 TANF cases and per 10,000 South Carolina population. Data for children aged 1-17 discharged from hospitals between May 2001 and March 2002.
 
Figure VII-6 - Hospitalization Rates for Mental Disorders Among Adults in South Carolina -- Rates per 10,000 by Ethnicity
Rates per 10,000 TANF cases and per 10,000 South Carolina population. Data for adults aged 18-64 between May 2001 and March 2002.

 

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