The characteristics and employment barriers of recipients who had been granted work exemptions or time limit extensions are described in this chapter based on the results of the telephone surveys. As presented in Chapter I, the survey sample was stratified to include recipients who had received exemptions from work requirements and recipients who had been granted extensions of the time limits.
Under the South Carolina Family Independence Program, TANF recipients can receive temporary exemptions from work requirements. Such exemptions can be granted to recipients who are at least six months pregnant and/or have a child under one41, if they are temporarily disabled, or if they are caring for a disabled family member.
TANF recipients can also be granted extensions to the state’s two-year time limit on cash assistance in cases where the recipient is participating in an approved training or education program that will not be completed by the 24th month.42 Time limit extensions can also be granted if it can be shown that no available employment reasonably exists and no other means of support are available to the family. In addition, recipients can be granted either an exemption or an extension if it can be shown that child care or transportation is not reasonably available to allow them to work.
41 However, these recipients mu st comply with educational requirements if they are under 25 and have not
completed high school.
42 In these cases, an extension can be granted for up to 6 months when the program has a fixed beginning date and
ending date and a specific vocational goal. If the program has not been completed by the 30th month but
satisfactory progress is being made toward completion, month-to-month extensions can be granted for as long as
is necessary for the recipient to complete the program and secure employment.