Families on TANF in South Carolina: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Appendix D. Additional Tables

10/01/2004

Appendix D Table II-a
Mother’s Relationship with the Father of Her Youngest Child at the Time of the Child’s Birth – by Ethnicity
 
Relationship Percent
Black White
Married 7 33
Not married but cohabiting 9 6
Not cohabiting but romantically involved 39 29
Just friends 21 9
Not in any relationship 19 16
Other 5 7

Source: Telephone survey of 1,120 TANF recipients in South Carolina

Appendix D Table II-b
Reasons Why the Relationship with the Father Ended
 
Reason Relationship with Father
Never married
Divorced or Separated
Percent Percent
Relationship reasons 74 64
Financial reasons 9 8
Father’s incarceration 8 3
Violent or abusive situation 7 32
Drug or alcohol problem 4 16
Other 5 3

Source: Telephone survey of 1,120 TANF recipients in South Carolina

Appendix D Table III-b
What Is the Most Important Reason Why You Are Not Currently Employed? (n=762)
 
Response Percent
No jobs 25
Own ill health, disability 25
In school or other training 12
Pregnant/maternity leave 8
Transportation problems 8
Paying or finding child care 7
Other family responsibilities, sick child 6
Prefer/need to stay home with children 5
Need more education 3
Other 3

Source: Telephone survey of 1,120 TANF recipients in South Carolina

Appendix D Table III-c
Work Hours in Current or Most Recent Job (n=703)*
 
Work Hours Percent/Value
Hours worked per week
35+ hours (full-time) 51
20-34 hours 39
1-19 hours 10
 
Mean hours 31.1
Median hours 32.0
*Includes respondents who were currently employed or who had worked in the last year
Source: Telephone surveys of 1,120 TANF recipients in South Carolina
 
 
Appendix D Table III-d
Occupations and Employers of Currently and Recently Employed Respondents (n = 703)*
 
 
Occupation Percent Employer Type Percent
Restaurant/food service 26 Retail/sales 22
Retail/sales 19 Restaurant 22
Office/clerical 13 Health care 10
Housekeeper/janitor 13 Other services 11
Health services 7 Hotel/motel 7
Factory/production 8 Factory/manufacturer 8
Other services 4 Professional services 6
Child care/babysitting 4 School/college 6
Teacher/teacher’s assistant
3 Child care 3
Driver 1 Government 1
Other 2 Other 5
 
*Includes respondents who were currently employed or who had worked in the last year
Source: Telephone surveys of 1,120 TANF recipients in South Carolina
 
Appendix D Table III-e
Hourly Rate of Pay in Current or Most Recent Job (n = 703)*
 
Hourly Rate Percent/Value
Less than $5.15 7
$5.15 to $6.00 37
$6.01 to $7.00 27
$7.01 to $8.00 15
More than $8.00 15
Mean hourly rate $6.89
Median hourly rate $6.35
*Includes respondents who were currently employed or who had worked in the last year
Source: Telephone surveys of 1,120 TANF recipients in South Carolina
 
Appendix D Table III-f
Percentage of Employed Respondents Whose Employers Offered Fringe Benefits (n=703)*
 
Benefit
Currently Employed
Non-Employed But Worked in Last Year
Total
Percent Percent Percent
Paid sick days 30 23 27
Paid vacation 45 27 36
Paid holidays 41 28 35
Health plan/medical insurance
42 33 38
Retirement program 31 21 26
Percent with no benefits 42 59 50

*Includes respondents who were currently employed or who had worked in the last year

Source: Telephone surveys of 1,120 TANF recipients in South Carolina
 
Appendix D Table III-g
Percentage of Respondents Who Saw Advancement Opportunities in Their Job (n=703)*
 
Opportunity for Advancement?
Currently Employed
Non-Employed But Worked in Last Year
Total
  Percent Percent Percent
A great deal 26 16 21
Some 26 23 24
A little 18 18 18
No opportunity 31 43 37
*Includes respondents who were currently employed or who had worked in the last year
Source: Telephone surveys of 1,120 TANF recipients in South Carolina
 
Appendix D Table III-h
Monthly Earnings of Respondents Employed in the Month Before the Survey (n=386)
 
Earnings Percent/Value
Less than $400 36
$400 to $799 36
$800 to $1,199 19
$1,200 or more 8
Average $575
Median $500

Source: Telephone surveys of 1,120 TANF recipients in South Carolina

Appendix D Table IV-a
Skills Used at Least Weekly in Current or Most Recent Job, by Education (n=703)*
 
Skill
High School Drop-Out
Education Beyond High School
(percent) (percent)
Talked with customers face to face 89 87
Used electronic machine other than a computer
75 81
Did arithmetic 74 76
Filled out forms 47 67
Talked with customers over the phone 47 59
Read instructions or reports 42 66
Monitored gauges or instruments 39 48
Worked with a computer 26 50
Supervised other people 27 40
Wrote letters or memos 16 33
Performed at least 4 of the above tasks 73 87
*Includes respondents who were currently employed or who had worked in the last year
Source: Telephone surveys of 1,120 TANF recipients in South Carolina
 
Appendix D Table V-a
Presence of Multiple Employment Barriers
 
Number of Employment Liabilities
Percent of Respondents
Number of Human Capital Deficits
0 46
1 32
2 16
3 or more 5
Number of Personal and Family Challenges
0 32
1 29
2 22
3 or more 17
Number of Logistical or Situational Liabilities
0 25
1 34
2 26
3 or more 15
Total Number of Potential Liabilities for Employment
0 5
1 12
2 20
3 18
4 15
5 or more 29

Source: Telephone Surveys of 1,120 TANF recipients in South Carolina

Appendix D Table V-b
Percentage of Respondents with Multiple Employment Barriers, by Current Employment Status
 
Number of Employment Liabilities
Currently Employed Respondents
Respondents not Currently Employed
Number of Human Capital Deficits percent percent
2 or more 13 25 **
Number of Personal and Family Challenges percent percent
2 or more 27 44 **
3 or more 8 21 **
Number of Logistical or Situational Liabilities
percent percent
2 or more 37 43
3 or more 11 16 *
Total Number of Potential Liabilities for Employment
percent percent
2 or more 71 89 **
3 or more 56 71 **
4 or more 31 51 **
5 or more 21 33 **
* Significant difference between employed and non-employed respondents at the 95 % confidence level.
** Significant difference between employed and non-employed respondents at the 99 % confidence level.
Source: Telephone Surveys of 1,120 TANF recipients in South Carolina
 
Appendix D Table VI-a
Respondents Not Exempt from Work - Effects of Specific Variables on the Probability that a TANF Case Head Was Employed at the Time of the Survey (n = 870)
 
Independent Variable Coefficient
Significance Value
Demographics
30 years old or older 0.328 0.072
Black -0.069 0.710
Never married 0.071 0.695
Human Capital Liabilities
Did not complete high school or GED -0.360 0.025 *
Performed fewer than four common job tasks -0.372 0.056
Personal Challenges
Physical health problem -0.217 0.381
Mental health problem -0.368 0.041 *
Child/other family member with health problem/need
-0.645 0.023 *
Physical domestic violence in the past year 0.394 0.030 *
Signs of learning disability -1.630 0.000 **
Criminal record -0.173 0.489
Logistical and Situational Challenges
Transportation barrier -0.296 0.078
Child care barrier -0.055 0.754
Unstable housing -0.162 0.371
One or more neighborhood problems -0.060 0.689
* Coefficient is statistically significant at the 95 % confidence interval.
** Coefficient is statistically significant at the 99 % confidence interval.
Source: Telephone Surveys of TANF recipients in South Carolina
 

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