|Employed At Least 30 Hours Per Week||Not Employed At Least 30 Hours Per Week||All|
|Number of Human Capital Deficitsa||**|
|Number of Personal Challengesb||**|
|4 or more||1||3||3|
|Number of Logistical and Situational Challengesc||**|
|Number of All Potential Liabilities for Employment||***|
|7 or more||3||13||10|
|Source: MPR's 2001-02 survey of Illinois TANF cases.
Notes: The survey data have been weighted to be representative of all single-parent TANF recipients in Illinois. Survey item nonresponse may cause the sample sizes for specific variables to be smaller than those shown. Rounding may cause percentages to sum to something other than 100. We conducted two-tailed t-tests (for continuous variables) and chi-square tests (for categorical variables) for differences between employed and not employed case heads.
*/**/*** Difference between cases with/without an employed head is statistically significant at the .10/.05/.01 level.
a Human capital deficits include: (1) no high school diploma or GED, (2) employed less than four quarters of the past seven, and (3) never performed at least four of nine common job tasks.
b Personal challenges include: (1) current physical health problem, (2) mental health problem in the past year, (3) multiple arrests in past six years, (4) severe physical domestic violence in past year, (5) chemical dependence in the past year, (6) signs of a learning disability, and (7) difficulty with English.
c Logistical and situational challenges include: (1) child or other family member or friend currently experiencing a health or behavioral problem or special need, (2) child care problem in the past year, currently pregnant, or currently have a child under age one in the household, (3) transportation problem in the past year, and (4) unstable housing in the past year.