Families on TANF in Illinois: Employment Assets and Liabilities. Table D.24 Summary of Potential Assets and Liabilities for Employment (Percentages, Unless Stated Otherwise)

06/10/2003

Table D.24
Summary of Potential Assets and Liabilities for Employment
(Percentages, Unless Stated Otherwise)
  Employed Not Employed All
Potential Assets for Employment
High school / GED or more 60 53 56
Substantial work experiencea 86 70*** 76
Performed four or more common job tasks 76 69 72
Potential Liabilities for Employment
Personal and Family Challenges
Physical health problemb 16 24** 21
Child or other family member or friend with a health problem or special needc 36 33 35
Pregnantd 3 11*** 8
Mental health probleme 15 31*** 25
Chemical dependencef 2 4 3
Severe physical domestic violence in past yeard 11 14 13
Possible presence of learning disability 10 13 12
Criminal conviction 19 17 18
Multiple arrestsg 11 20** 16
Difficulty with English 3 2 2
Logistical and Situational Challenges
Transportationh 14 26*** 21
Child careh 19 40*** 31
Unstable housingi 16 27** 23
Any perceived discrimination by potential employerj 19 22 20
Perceived problem neighborhood characteristicsk 53 56 55
Sample Size 157 259 416
Source: MPR's 2001-02 survey of Illinois TANF cases and administrative data from the Illinois Criminal Justice Information Agency.
Notes: The survey data have been weighted to be representative of all single-parent TANF recipients in Illinois. Survey item nonresponse may cause the sample sizes for specific variables to be smaller than those shown. Rounding may cause percentages to sum to something other than 100. We conducted two-tailed t-tests (for continuous variables) and chi-square tests (for categorical variables) for differences between employed and not employed case heads.
*/**/*** Difference between cases with/without an employed head is statistically significant at the .10/.05/.01 level.
a Worked for pay 50 percent or more of time since turning age 18.
b Poor or fair overall health and physical functioning in the lowest quartile.
c Cases with a child with health, behavioral, or special need or those caring for an elderly, disabled, or sick family member or friend.
d Tabulated only for females (sample size = 413).
e High level of nonspecific psychological distress or probable major depression.
f Probable alcohol or drug dependence.
g Has had two or more arrests since 1996.
h Self-reported problems that prevented case head from participating in work, education, or training during the past year.
i Having been evicted or moving two or more times in the past 12 months.
j Tabulated only for cases who have worked for pay (n = 401).
k At least one neighborhood characteristic is perceived by case head to be a big problem.

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