|Experienced Psychological Distress in Past 30 Daysa||6||15***||12|
|Experienced Major Depression in Past Yearb||86||72***||77|
|Characteristics of Depressive Spells Over Past 12 Mos.c|
|Cumulative duration (in weeks)||--||--||17.6|
|Timing of most recent spell (months in past)||--||--||2.7|
|Consulted doctor or other professional||--||--||58|
|Took medication or used drugs or alcohol||--||--||48|
|Caused at least some interference with activities||--||--||78|
|Mental Health Problemd||15||31***||25|
|Source: MPR's 2001-02 survey of Illinois TANF cases.
Notes: The survey data have been weighted to be representative of all single-parent TANF recipients in Illinois. Survey item nonresponse may cause the sample sizes for specific variables to be smaller than those shown. Rounding may cause percentages to sum to something other than 100. We conducted two-tailed t-tests (for continuous variables) and chi-square tests (for categorical variables) for differences between employed and not employed case heads.
*/**/*** Difference between cases with/without an employed head is statistically significant at the .10/.05/.01 level.
-- Sample sizes too small for subgroup analysis.
a Categories of nonspecific psychological distress were assigned on the basis of the K6 psychological distress scale, with a range of 0 to 24, and on normative data from the 2002 National Health Interview Survey and the 2001 National Household Survey on Drug Abuse. Individuals with scores of 13 or greater are classified as experiencing psychological distress.
b The probability of major depression was determined following the methodology of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview Short Form (CIDI-SF). Under this methodology, individuals with three or more of seven symptoms of major depression are classified as being at probable risk of major depression. Individuals who volunteer that they are on medication, such as anti-depressants also are classified as being at probable risk of major depression.
c Tabulated for the 95 cases in which the head had at least three of the seven symptoms of major depression in the CIDI-SF.
d Defined as having a high level of nonspecific psychological distress or probable major depression.