|Overall Health (Self-Assessment)|
|Younger than 25 years||--||--||12|
|25 to 34 years||--||--||8|
|35 years or older||--||--||3|
|Presence of Chronic Health or Medical Conditionb||22||31*||27|
|High blood pressure||1||5**||3|
|First quartile of the U.S. population||40||51||47|
|Second quartile of the U.S. population||22||12||16|
|Third or fourth quartile of the U.S. population||38||37||38|
|Below average for the U.S. population||30||40**||36|
|Physical Health Problemd||16||24**||21|
|Source: MPR's 2001-02 survey of Illinois TANF cases.
Notes: The survey data have been weighted to be representative of all single-parent TANF recipients in Illinois. Survey item nonresponse may cause the sample sizes for specific variables to be smaller than those shown. Rounding may cause percentages to sum to something other than 100. We conducted two-tailed t-tests (for continuous variables) and chi-square tests (for categorical variables) for differences between employed and not employed case heads.
*/**/*** Difference between cases with/without an employed head is statistically significant at the .10/.05/.01 level.
-- Sample sizes too small for subgroup analysis.
a Tabulated only for cases with female heads (sample size = 413).
b Not all categories are shown.
c Physical functioning was determined following the methodology of the Physical Functioning Scale of the SF-36 Health Survey, incorporating norms based on age and gender.
d Following the methodology of the University of Michigan's Women's Employment Study, a case head was defined to have a physical health problem if overall health was poor or fair and physical functioning was in the lowest quartile.