Families on TANF in Illinois: Employment Assets and Liabilities. The Determinants of Labor Market Success or Failure


The previous chapter examined the specific assets and liabilities that may foster or impede TANF recipients' success in the labor market. Information on assets and liabilities is useful because it reflects the prevalence of certain characteristics among TANF recipients and provides a framework for thinking about how these characteristics can influence the ability to transition from welfare to work or meet work requirements while receiving TANF benefits. In this chapter, we expand the analysis by (1) examining the prevalence of multiple employment liabilities among case heads, (2) using a multivariate model to estimate how the number of liabilities or the presence of specific liabilities influences the likelihood that a recipient is substantially employed (i.e., working at least 30 hours per week), and (3) simulating the changes in employment rates that could result from various strategies designed to address the employment liabilities of TANF recipients.

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