This study has assessed the job readiness of the heads of single-parent families currently on TANF in Illinois by documenting the prevalence of specific labor market assets and liabilities and by analyzing their effects on employment. The study contributes to a small but growing body of research on current TANF recipients. The findings from this study and from other studies in progress should provide valuable information to policymakers and program administrators as they make welfare policy decisions and develop program strategies to improve employment outcomes for TANF recipients.
1. For the purpose of analyzing effects on employment, we broadened the definition of liabilities to include the absence of human capital assets. So, for example, the absence of a high school diploma or GED is classified as a human capital liability.