Examining Substitution: State Strategies to Limit "Crowd Out" in the Era of Children's Health Insurance Expansions. Appendix A: Bibliography


Blumberg, L., Dubay, L., Norton, S. (June 1997). "Did the Medicaid Expansions for children Displace Private Insurance?" The Urban Institute.

Center for Studying Health System Change. (1996, October). Medicaid Eligibility Policy and the Crowding-Out Effect: Did Women and Children Drop Private Health Insurance to Enroll in Medicaid? (Issue Brief No. 3). Washington, D.C.

Cooper, Philip F., Steinberg Schone, Barbara. (November 1997). More Offers, Fewer Takers For Employment-Based Health Insurance: 1987 And 1996. Health Affairs. 16 (6). 142-149.

Cutler, D., Gruber, J. (May 1996). Does Public Insurance Crowd Out Private Insurance? The Journal of Economics.

Cutler, D., Gruber, J. (1997, January/February). Medicaid and Private Insurance: Evidence and Implications. Health Affairs. 16 (1), 194-200.

Dubay, L., Kenney, G. (Spring 1996). The Effects of Medicaid Expansions on Insurance Coverage of Children. The Future of Children, 6 (1), 152-161.

Employee Benefit Research Institute. (1997, May). Trends in Health Insurance Coverage (Issue Brief No. 185). Washington, DC.

Holahan, J. (1997, January/February). Crowding Out: How Big a Problem? Health Affairs. 16 (1), 204-206.

The Lewin Group. (October 21, 1996). Recent Trends in Employer Health Insurance Coverage and Benefits (Report to the American Hospital Association). Fairfax, VA: Sheils, J., Alecxih, L.

The Lewin Group. (June 16, 1997). Exploring the Question of Substitution: Will Expansions of Health Insurance Coverage for Children Result in Shifts from Private to Public Coverage? Fairfax, VA: Sheils, J.

Lurie, N., Pheley, A., Finch, M. (1995, October). Is MinnesotaCare Hitting its Target? Institute for Health Services Research, University of Minnesota School of Public Health and Hennepin County Medical Center.

The Rochester Child Health Studies Group. (April 1996). Evaluation of Child Health Plus in New York State. Rochester, New York: University of Rochester.

Shore-Sheppard, L. (July 1996). The Effect of Expanding Medicaid Eligibility on the Distribution of Children's Health Insurance Coverage. University of Pittsburgh.

Thiede Call, K., Lurie, N., Jonk, Y., Feldman, R., Finch, M. (October 8, 1997). Who Is Still Uninsured in Minnesota? Journal of the American Medical Association. 278 (14), 1191-1195.