Evidence-Based Mental Health Treatment for Victims of Human Trafficking. Endnotes


[1] This issue brief can be found at http://aspe.hhs.gov/hsp/07/HumanTrafficking/.

[2] A more complete discussion of the physical and mental health consequences of human trafficking can be found in Clawson, H. J., Dutch, N. M., & Williamson, E. (2008). National symposium on the health needs of human trafficking: Background document. Washington, DC: Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

[3] Note: Zimmerman et al. (2006) conducted a study using multiple questionnaires to test for PTSD and anxiety and depression symptoms. Participants were administered these questionnaires; therefore, discrepancies between data reported in the text and data reported in the chart are due to differences in the response on the questionnaires.

[4] This issue brief focuses more on the therapeutic treatment of victims rather than the pharmacological treatment of victims of human trafficking.

[5] For more information regarding testimonial privilege, consult individual State statutes.

[6] This section is based on information provided in clinical guidelines published by leading medical associations as well as thoroughly vetted studies and meta-analyses published in scientific journals.


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Human Services Policy, Room 404E
Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
200 Independence Ave, SW
Washington, DC 20201

Fax:  (202) 690-6562
Email:  pic@hhs.gov


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