The Evaluation of the Tribal Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Initial Implementation Findings. Purpose of the Study


The tribal evaluation assesses the implementation and operation of tribal WtW grantees' programs and how they are evolving in a diverse set of sites. The evaluation also assesses how social, cultural, economic, programmatic, and other factors unique to Indian country and to each site affect this evolution. The study describes the implementation of the WtW program in the broader context of welfare reform and the special circumstances of tribes. The goal of the study is to provide information to Congress, tribes, federal agencies, states, and others concerning four issues:

  1. How the special circumstances of tribes affect their WtW programs in particular and welfare reform in general (Chapter II)
  2. The framework for implementation of tribal grantees' WtW programs (Chapter III)
  3. How tribes are using WtW funding, the types of services provided, and the attributes of the clients served (Chapter IV)
  4. Promising approaches developed by tribes and tribal consortia in implementing WtW and other programs associated with welfare reform, as well as lessons learned and policy implications of grantees' experiences (Chapter V)

This report presents the initial findings of the tribal WtW evaluation based on the first round of site visits to 10 tribal WtW grantees conducted in fall 1999 and spring 2000. It supplements a report, prepared for and submitted to all the federally recognized tribes in November 2000, on the initial lessons based on the experience of tribal WtW grantees (Hillabrant and Rhoades 2000). Both reports are based on the first round of site visits. The earlier report was prepared for tribal leaders and managers. The present report was prepared for people interested in welfare reform in Indian country, including members of Congress, federal, state, and tribal policymakers, and program administrators.