The Evaluation of the Tribal Welfare-to-Work Grants Program: Initial Implementation Findings. Program Structure


Programs authorized under PRWORA, as well as long-standing tribal programs, provide services related to the objectives of WtW. None of the 10 grantees in the study operated its WtW program independently from other employment and training programs. Each grantee provided services funded by the WtW grant as part of an existing employment-related program and used WtW funds to enhance and expand the services provided. For small tribes (for example, Kickapoo, Nez Perce, Klamath), the WtW funding level was sufficient to pay the wages of one staff member or a portion of the wages for several staff members, with the remaining funds used to provide services (described in Chapter IV).

The use of WtW funds varied, depending on whether the tribe operated a 477 program or a tribal TANF program. The seven grantees in the study that did not operate 477 programs used WtW funds to expand or enhance employment and training services specifically for WtW-eligible participants. Tribes that operated integrated 477 programs (three study grantees) used WtW funds to expand or enhance services in accordance with the goals of their 477 plans.