Evaluation of the Strong Cities, Strong Communities (SC2) Teams Pilot: Final Report. A2.1 Context


Like many cities in the Rust Belt, Cleveland has spent several decades responding to dramatic economic and demographic changes. Suburbanization of the population and job opportunities began in the 1950s, followed by migration of manufacturing to the suburbs as well as to the southern United States. These trends accelerated between 1980 and 2005, when Cleveland lost more than 110,000 manufacturing jobs, about 42.5 percent of its manufacturing employment, drastically changing the landscape and workforce outlook in the city.

Today, Cleveland shows many signs that an urban revitalization is underway: residential vacancy rates in the downtown are at historic lows as a new generation is drawn to the amenities of urban life; the city has experienced growth in the bioscience sector, capitalizing on the research capacity of the city’s health care institutions; and the city’s and region’s remaining industrial base is beginning to embrace advanced manufacturing techniques.

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