The original conception of the HomeRebuilders experiment called for limiting the sample to cases that were not in relative care and that had a goal of return home. However, these restrictions were subsequently relaxed and a number of children were included in the experiment who were in relative care and a number who had adoption as a goal at the beginning. Analyses only of children in nonrelative foster care and in nonrelative foster care with a goal of return home are shown in Appendix Tables B-8 and B-9. The results are very similar to those for all children shown above.
Regression Analyses. A regression analysis was performed to "control for" characteristics of children at the time the experiment began. The dependent variable in the analysis was days in care through April 1997 while the independent variables were child characteristics available in the administrative data: ethnicity, sex, age, days in care at 7/1/93, goal at the beginning of the experiment, and experimental versus control group. Separate analyses were performed for each of the agencies. The results (shown in Appendix Table B-10) indicate that, controlling for the other factors in the equations, the HomeRebuilders groups in LF and NYF continued to have significantly fewer days in care than the comparison groups in those agencies. The effects in reduction in days in care were slightly larger than the uncontrolled effects shown above. The effects on days in care for the other agencies were not significant.
The results also indicate that in all agencies, Hispanic children tended to spend less time in care than African Americans, although the effects of ethnicity were significant only in HD. Sex was not significant, except in NYF, where males had longer times in care. More previous placements tended to result in more days in care while longer length of time in care at the beginning of the experiment tended to result in a lower number of subsequent days in care. A goal of return home had mixed effects in the various agencies. In LF, it led to a lower average number of days in care (p < .1) while in MM it led to more days in care (p < .05).
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