To obtain these measures, we used multiple data sources, including administrative data, interviews with workers and caretakers, and qualitative data collection on program operation and context.
For family preservation/placement prevention sites, the study used a longitudinal design in which caretakers were interviewed at three points in time: when they entered the study, at the end of services, and at 1 year after entry to the study. Caseworkers were interviewed at two points in time, when the family entered the study and at the end of services. Investigating workers completed a self-administered form as quickly after assignment as possible. They were asked to provide a description of the allegation and the investigation findings. Caseworkers were asked to provide information on the actual services provided during in-person contacts with the family during treatment for the experimental cases and during a comparable time period for the control cases. Administrative data on placement and subsequent maltreatment were collected for 18 months after enrollment on each case. An analysis of costs of family preservation programs was also conducted.
This report includes analyses of data from Kentucky, New Jersey and Tennessee. A final report will provide further analyses on these three sites as well as on the Pennsylvania family preservation experiment.