Evaluation of Family Preservation and Reunification Programs: Final Report - Volume Two. 8.2.2 Education


A majority of the staff (56%) held Bachelors degrees, slightly less than a fifth had completed some graduate study, and approximately one-quarter had a degree at the Masters level or higher. The most common areas for the field of study were social services (29%), social work (25%), and law or criminal justice (13%).

Table 8-3
Summary of Responses from Case Level Staff Who Have a Case in the Study: Philadelphia
  N %
Respondent is male 139 40
Race/Ethnicity 132  
Black   61
White   33
Hispanic   4
Other   3
Participated in on the job training in past 12 months 136 82
Attended seminar or workshop in past 12 months 134 96
Taken for-credit courses in a degree program in past 12 months 130 22
Taken non-credit course on a work-related topic in past 12 months 129 41
Participated in other in-service training in past 12 months 133 87
Field of Study 139  
Education   10
Law/criminal justice   13
Math/science   3
Mgmt/administration   3
Other humanities   10
Social services   29
Social work   25
No code/NA/missing   8
Level of education 137  
AA degree, high school diploma, GED, or less   1
Bachelors degree   56
Some graduate study   18
Masters degree or beyond (doctoral)   26
Future employment plans 129  
Do not plan to look for other employment   63
Would like to change jobs but not actively looking 24
Looking for other employment but have not found anything   10
Have definite arrangements to take another job   3
  N Mean
Usual caseload size 136 11.3
Largest # of families in caseload 138 15.2
% of time spent investigating abuse/neglect complaints 122 45.1
% time spent on family preservation services 117 25.6
% time spent on foster care placement and/or supervision 115 7.8
% time spent on followup services for abuse/neglect families 121 25.5
Table 8-3,
continued Summary of Responses from Case Level Staff Who Have a Case in the Study: Philadelphia
How satisfied are you with various aspects of your job? (1 = highly satisfied, 5 = highly dissatisfied)
Salary 130 3.2
Workload 130 3.0
Supervision 128 2.5
Work difficulty 130 2.8
Chances of promotion 129 3.1
Fringe benefits 130 2.7
Overall job satisfaction (all 6 items) 131 2.9
Indicate how much you agree/disagree with the following statements: [1 =strongly agree, 4=strongly disagree]
Abuse and neglect are social problemsservices cannot do much to save children from danger 139 3.7
No matter how bad a natural family is, foster care is usually worse 139 3.7
There are many cases in which children remain at home and would have been better off in a good foster home 139 2.8
It is never justified to take chances with the lives of children 139 2.1
If a child I left at home were seriously injured due to maltreatment, I would find it hard to forgive myself 139 2.5
Removing a child from his or her parents can be so deep a trauma to the child that it is almost always worth taking the risk to leave the child with his or her parents 139 3.7
Families who deny the truth of a validated allegation of abuse or neglect are such poor prospects for service that placement is usually justified 139 3.4
Most families with records of several past complaints should not be given any more chances to change 139 3.5
Placement prevention should be the primary goal of family preservation programs 139 2.4
Only families with a child at imminent risk of placement should be referred to intensive family preservation services 139 3.2
  N Mean
Indicate how much you agree/disagree with the following statements about your reactions to work with clients: (1 = strongly agree, 4 = strongly disagree)
I feel I treat some of my clients as impersonal objects 139 3.8
I deal very effectively with the problems of my clients 139 1.6
I have become more callous toward people since being on this job 139 3.4
Many clients cannot be helped no matter what I do 139 3.0
I think clients often blame me for their problems 139 3.1
I have accomplished much that is worthwhile in this job 139 1.8
I feel burned out from my work 139 2.8
How prepared do you feel to deal with each of the following casework issues (1 = very well prepared, 5 = poorly prepared)
Assessing problems 137 1.7
Assessing risk 137 1.8
Case planning 135 2.1
Assessing family functioning 136 1.9
Assessing child functioning 137 1.9
Family systems 134 2.1
Building client relationships 138 1.7
Counseling families 136 1.9
Permanency planning 126 2.5
Knowing when to terminate a case 130 2.1
Combined measure of how prepared respondent feels (all 10 items) 137 2.0
How many years of experience have you had in the following kinds of work:
Social work in general 133 7.4
Child welfare social work 120 4.9
Supervising others in social work 107 1.2
Delivering family preservation services 106 1.1
# of years working for this agency 93 2.9
# of years since appointed to this position 90 2.0

View full report


"report2.pdf" (pdf, 978.24Kb)

Note: Documents in PDF format require the Adobe Acrobat Reader®. If you experience problems with PDF documents, please download the latest version of the Reader®