A majority of the staff in each state were female, with the proportion of male staff ranging from 11 percent in the Tennessee public agencies to 35 percent in the New Jersey family preservation agencies. Within each state, there were no significant differences between public and FPS agencies with respect to gender.
With respect to racial and ethnic composition, respondents from the New Jersey agencies, both public and private, had the greatest diversity. In New Jersey, Whites made up 42 percent of public agency staff and 54 percent of FPS agency staff, in comparison, Black made up 43 percent of public agency respondents and 25 percent of FPS agency respondents. New Jersey had the highest representation of Hispanic respondents (18% among FPS agencies and 11% among public agencies), and at least a small percentage of respondents were represented in all four race/ethnicity categories. A majority (73-78%) of the respondents in both public and FPS agencies in Kentucky were White, with the remainder primarily Black (22-25%) and just a few public agency workers reporting their ethnicity as Hispanic (1%) or "Other" (2%). In Tennessee, approximately three-quarters of respondents in public agencies were Black with the remainder being White, and approximately one-half of FPS agency respondents were Black, one-third were White, none Hispanic, and 13 percent reported their race/ethnicity as other than Black, White, or Hispanic.