Evaluation of Family Preservation and Reunification Programs: Final Report - Volume Two. 8.1 Kentucky, New Jersey, and Tennessee Staff

09/01/2002

Table 8-2 provides a summary of responses by staff with a case in the study to most of the questionnaire items, separated by state. Within each state, responses from Public and FPS staff are reported separately.

Table 8-2
Summary of Responses from Case Level Staff (109) Who Have a Case in the Study: Kentucky, New Jersey, & Tennessee
  Kentucky New Jersey Tennessee
Public FPS p Public FPS p Public FPS p
N % N % N % N % N % N %
Respondent is male 15 20 18 22   195 22 29 35   36 11 16 25  
Race/Ethnicity 15   18     185   28     34   15   .0
Black (not Hispanic)   25   22     43   25     74   53  
White (not Hispanic)   73   78     42   54     27   33  
Hispanic   1   0     11   18            
Other   2   0     4   4         13  
Participated in on the job training in past 12 months 15 92 17 94   196 91 29 100   37 76 17 88  
Attended seminar or workshop in past 12 months 15 91 17 100   196 90 29 93   37 97 17 100  
Taken for-credit courses in a degree program in past 12 15 18 17 47 .01 188 23 28 36   37 16 16 31  
Taken non-credit course on a work-related topic in past 12 15 23 17 18   190 43 28 39   36 14 17 29  
Participated in other in-service training in past 12 months 15 82 17 94   193 83 29 86   37 89 17 82  
Field of study 15   17     199   29     37   17    
Education   5   6     10   3     16   17  
Law/criminal justice   10         6   10     8      
Math/science             1         3      
Mgmt/administration   3         4   3     16      
Other humanities   6         8   7     5   6  
Social services   49   65     33   28     32   47  
Social work   25   29     26   38     19   41  
No code/NA/missing   3         2   7         6  
Level of education 15   18   .001 197   29   .001 37   17   .0
AA degree, high school diploma, GED, or less             7         3      
Bachelors degree   58         55   31     62   6  
Some graduate study   23   11     24   17     30   30  
Masters degree or beyond   18   89     14   52     5   65  
Future employment plans 15   16     183   28   .03 34   16    
Do not plan to look for other employment or would like   83   88     85   100     74   81  
Looking for other employment but have not found   17   12     15   0     27   19  
Table 8-2,
continued Summary of Responses from Case Level Staff Who Have a Case in the Study: Kentucky, New Jersey, & Tennessee
  Kentucky New Jersey Tennessee
Public FPS   Public FPS   Public FPS  
N Mean N Mean p N Mean N Mean p N Mean N Mean p
Usual caseload size 15 19.5 17 2.2 .00 19 22.8 29 3.1 .00 34 49.0 17 2.1 .00
Largest # of families in caseload 151 23.9 18 1.9 .001 190 28.9 27 3.0 .001 35 58.8 17 3.1 .001
% of time spent investigating abuse/neglect complaints 158 38.23 18 2.5 .001 179 38.8 26 .03 .001 36 58.2 17 7.1 .001
% time spent on family preservation services 156 14.4 18 91.6 .001 178 13.4 29 93.9 .001 35 17.3 17 94.7 .001
% time spent on foster care placement and/or supervision 156 15.4 18 1.7 .001 180 16.0 26 0.0 .001 35 5.8 17 0.3 .002
% time spent on followup services for abuse/neglect families 157 33.3 18 3.1 .001 181 36.5 26 3.4 .001 35 18.1 17 1.5 .001
How satisfied are you with various aspects of your job?
Salary 158 4.5 18 3.7 .02 184 3.3 28 3.6   36 4.2 17 3.6 .07
Workload 158 3.4 18 2.1 .001 183 3.5 28 2.0 .001 36 3.9 17 2.0 .001
Supervision 157 2.1 18 1.9   178 2.5 28 1.8 .002 34 2.7 16 1.8 .01
Work difficulty 157 2.6 18 2.0 .001 182 3.1 27 2.4 .001 36 3.3 16 2.5 .01
Chances of promotion 157 3.2 18 3.6   177 3.9 27 3.9   33 4.1 17 4.1  
Fringe benefits 157 2.6 18 2.5   183 2.9 28 3.0   35 3.1 17 3.2  
Overall job satisfaction (average for all 6 items) 158 3.0 18 2.6 .004 183 3.2 28 2.8 .002 36 3.5 17 2.9 .001
Indicate how much you agree/disagree with the following statements:
Abuse and neglect are social problemsservices cannot do much to save 155 3.1 18 3.5 .03 185 2.8 29 3.7 .00 37 3.6 17 3.7  
No matter how bad a natural family is, foster care is usually worse 158 3.3 18 3.1   187 3.2 29 3.2   37 3.4 17 3.1  
There are many cases in which children remain at home and would have 158 2.2 18 2.3   186 2.3 29 2.5   37 2.4 17 2.3  
It is never justified to take chances with the lives of children 158 1.4 18 1.4   185 1.3 29 1.4   37 2.1 17 1.5  
If a child I left at home were seriously injured due to maltreatment, I 158 1.9 18 1.9   187 1.9 29 2.3 .05 37 2.0 17 1.9  
Removing a child from his or her parents can be so deep a trauma to the child that it is almost always worth taking the risk to leave the child 158 3.3 18 3.1   186 3.3 29 3.0 .04 37 3.4 17 2.9  
Families who deny the truth of a validated allegation of abuse or neglect 154 2.7 18 3.0   185 2.6 29 3.1 .01 37 2.9 17 3.1  
Most families with records of several past complaints should not be given 156 3.0 18 3.2   187 3.0 29 3.2   37 3.1 17 3.5  
Placement prevention should be primary goal of family preservation pgrms 156 2.0 18 2.4   186 1.7 29 2.1 .06 37 2.0 17 2.0  
Only families with a child at imminent risk of placement should be referred to intensive family preservation services 157 2.7 18 1.5 .001 187 2.8 29 2.2 .001 37 3.1 17 2.3 .08
Table 8-2,
continued Summary of Responses from Case Level Staff Who Have a Case in the Study: Kentucky, New Jersey, & Tennessee
  Kentucky New Jersey Tennessee
Public FPS   Public FPS   Public FPS  
N Mean N Mean p N Mean N Mean p N Mean N Mean p
Indicate how much you agree/disagree with the following statements about your reactions to work with clients:
I feel I treat some of my clients as impersonal objects 158 3.6 18 3.8 .06 198 3.8 27 3.9   37 3.7 17    
I deal very effectively with the problems of my clients 158 1.8 18 1.5 .06 198 1.6 29 1.6   37 1.7 17 1.6  
I have become more callous toward people since being 156 2.9 18 3.5 .009 196 3.3 29 3.8 .002 37 3.1 17 3.7 .01
Many clients cannot be helped no matter what I do 158 2.7 18 3.4 .005 198 2.8 29 3.4 .001 37 2.8 17 3.5 .007
I think clients often blame me for their problems 158 2.3 18 3.6 .001 198 2.6 29 3.8 .001 37 2.9 17 3.3  
I have accomplished much that is worthwhile in this job 158 1.8 18 1.4 .09 198 1.7 28 1.5   37 1.7 17 1.5  
I feel burned out from my work 158 2.6 18 3.0   197 2.5 29 3.3 .001 37 2.1 17 2.4  
How prepared do you feel to deal with each of the following
Assessing problems 158 1.8 18 1.4 .05 196 1.5 29 1.6   37 1.6 17 1.4  
Assessing risk 158 1.8 18 1.6   197 1.6 29 1.7   36 1.7 17 1.5  
Case planning 154 2.1 18 1.7 .09 196 1.7 29 1.8   35 1.8 17 1.8  
Assessing family functioning 155 2.0 18 1.7   196 1.8 29 1.6   36 2.2 17 1.6 .03
Assessing child functioning 155 2.1 18 1.5 .001 196 1.8 29 1.8   36 2.1 17 1.8  
Family systems 153 2.1 18 1.7 .04 193 1.9 29 1.9   35 2.1 17 1.9  
Building client relationships 153 1.6 18 1.2 .02 196 1.5 29 1.3 .02 35 1.5 17 1.3  
Counseling families 149 2.3 18 1.5 .001 187 2.0 29 1.6 .02 34 2.1 17 1.5 .009
Permanency planning 147 2.4 12 2.1 .10 162 2.4 24 2.2   29 2.6 13 2.4  
Knowing when to terminate a case 148 2.3 18 1.7 .02 196 2.0 29 1.8   37 2.4 17 1.7 .02
Combined measure of how prepared respondent feels 155 2.1 18 1.6 .001 196 1.8 29 1.7   35 2.0 17 1.7 .
How many years of experience have you had in the following knids of work:
Social work in general 137 5.4 16 3.9   195 12.2 28 6.2 .001 35 6.9 17 7.9  
Child welfare social work 130 4.0 14 2.9   176 9.5 20 4.6 .001 33 5.0 10 4.2  
Supervising others in social work 120 0.7 12 0.2   162 1.5 21 1.1   32 0.7 9 1.7 .10
Delivering family preservation services 117 1.4 13 2.5   164 3.1 24 2.4   32 4.4 15 4.2  
# of years working for this agency 147 3.7 17 2.0 .01 189 8.1 28 2.2 .001 37 4.9 14 2.1 .003
# of years since appointed to this position 141 1.4 17 1.3   182 5.3 29 1.7 .001 35 3.9 14 1.9 .08

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