American Health Care Association. (2010). Report of findings 2008: Nursing facility staff vacancy, retention and turnover survey. Washington, DC: American Health Care Association. Available at: http://www.ahcancal.org/research_data/staffing/Documents/Retention_Vacancy_Turnover_Survey2008.pdf.
Anderson, W., Khatutsky, G., Wiener, J.M., Lerman, R., and Kuehn, D. (2010). A Descriptive analysis of the U.S. Department of Labors long-term care registered apprenticeship program. Research Triangle Park, NC: RTI International and Urban Institute. Available at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/2010/LTCappre.shtml.
Bishop, C., Squillace, M., Meagher, J., Anderson, W.L., and Wiener, J.M. (2009). Nursing home work practices and nursing assistants job satisfaction. Gerontologist, 49(4):611-622. Available at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/2009/NHwork.htm.
Blatter, M., Muhlemann, S., Schenker, S., andWolter, S.C. (forthcoming 2011). Hiring costs for skilled workers and the supply of firm-provided training. IZA Discussion Paper.
Hollenbeck, K. (2011). Short-term net impact estimates and rates of return. In The Workforce Investment Act: Implementation experience and evaluation findings. Edited by D. Besharov and P. Cottingham.Kalamazoo, MI: W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research.
Institute of Medicine. (2008). Retooling for an aging America: Building the health care workforce. Washington, DC: National Academies Press.
Johnson, R.W., Toohey, D., and Wiener, J.M. (2007). Meeting the long-term care needs of the baby boomers: How changing families will affect paid helpers and institutions. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/311451_Meeting_Care.pdf.
Khatutsky, G., Wiener, J., Anderson, W., Akhmerova, V., Jessup, E.A., and Squillace, M.R. (2011). Understanding direct care workers: A snapshot of two of Americas most important jobs: Certified nursing assistants and home health aides. Waltham, MA: RTI International. Available at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/2011/CNAchart.htm.
Kuehn, D., Lerman, R., Eyster, L., Anderson, W.L., Khatutsky, G., and Wiener, J.M. (2011). Characteristics of long-term care registered apprenticeship programs: Implications for evaluation design. Washington, DC: Urban Institute and RTI International. Available at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/2011/LTCRAPch.shtml.
Lerman, R., Eyster, L. and Chambers, K. (2009). The benefits and challenges of registered apprenticeship: The sponsors perspective. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Labor. Available at: http://www.urban.org/UploadedPDF/411907_registered_apprenticeship.pdf.
Mansfield-Loynes, K. (2011).Apprenticeships: Whats the point? MA Thesis.West Midlands, UK: University of Wolverhamton Business School.
Mueser, P., Troske, K. and Gorislavsky, A. (2007). Using state administrative data to measure program performance. The Review of Economics and Statistics. 89(4):761-783.
Muhlemann, S., Schweri, J., Winkelmann, R., and Wolter, S.C. (2007a). An empirical analysis of the decision to train apprentices. Labour: Rev. Lab. Econ. & Ind. Relations 21(3):419-441.
National Center for Assisted Living. (2010). Findings of the NCAL 2009 assisted living staff vacancy, retention, and turnover survey. Washington, DC: National Center for Assisted Living. Available at: http://www.ahcancal.org/ncal/quality/Documents/2009NCALVacancyRetentionTurnoverSurveyReport.pdf.
Rubin, D. (2001). Using propensity scores to help design observational studies: Application to the tobacco litigation. Health Services and Outcomes Research Methodology. 2:169-188.
Squillace, M., Remsburg, R., and Bercovitz, A. (2006). An introduction to the National Nursing Assistant Survey. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation. Available at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/nltcssu2.htm.
Stone, R., and Wiener, J. (2001). Who will care for us? Addressing the long-term care workforce crisis. Washington, DC: Urban Institute. Available at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/ltcwf.htm.
U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. (2010). Occupational outlook handbook, 2010-11 edition. Home health aides and personal and home care aides. Washington, DC. Available at: http://www.bls.gov/oco/ocos326.htm.
U.S. National Center for Health Statistics. (undated). National Home and Hospice Care Survey and National Home Health Aide Survey. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/nchs/data/nhhcsd/NHHCS_NHHAS_web_documentation.pdf.
Wiener, J. M., Freiman, M. P., and Brown, D. (2007). Strategies for improving the quality of long-term care. Washington, DC: National Commission for Quality Long-Term Care.
Wiener, J. M., Lux, L., Johnson, R. & Greene, A.M. (2010). National survey of residential care facilities: Sample frame construction and benchmarking report. Washington, DC: RTI International. Available at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/2010/sfconst.htm.
Wiener, J. M., Squillace, M. R., Anderson, W. L., & Khatutsky, G. L. (2009). Why do they stay? Job tenure among certified nursing assistants in nursing homes. Gerontologist, 49(2):198-210. Available at: http://aspe.hhs.gov/daltcp/reports/2009/whystay.htm.
Wolter, S. C. and Ryan, P. (2011). Apprenticeship. In Handbook of the economics of education. Volume 3. Edited by E. Hanushek, S. Machin, and L.Woessman. Amsterdam: Elsevier.