An Evaluation of AoA's Program to Prevent Elder Abuse: Final Report. Texas Department of Family and Protective Services


Age: Information on date of birth was used to calculate participant's age at time of enrollment in the intervention.

Gender: Response categories include: 'Male' and 'Female.'

Ethnicity: Response categories include: 'Non-Hispanic' or 'Hispanic.'

Race: Response categories include: 'Anglo;' 'African American;' 'Asian;' 'Hawaiian;' and 'Native American.' To harmonize the data across grantees, 'Anglo' is included as 'Caucasian/White,' 'Hawaiian' was collapsed into 'Asian/Pacific Islander,' and 'Native American' was included as 'American Indian/Native Alaskan.'

Marital Status: Response categories include: 'Married;' 'Divorced;' 'Single/Never Married;' 'Widowed;' and 'Unknown.'

Primary Language: Response categories include: 'English;' 'Spanish;' 'Other;' and 'Sign' (American). To harmonize the data across grantees, 'Sign' (American) was combined with the 'Other' category.

Relationship to the Victim: This variable describes the relationship of the perpetrator to the victim. Response categories include: 'Son;' 'Self;' 'Service Provider;' 'Unrelated Home Member;' 'Spouse;' 'Daughter;' 'Paid Caregiver' (APS only); 'Niece/Nephew;' 'Parent;' 'Grandchild;' 'Other Family Member;' 'Unknown;' 'Client's Paramour' (APS); 'Friend;' 'Step-Child;' 'Sibling;' and 'Other.' To harmonize the data across grantees, categories for 'Service Provider;' 'Paid Caregiver' (APS only); 'Other;' 'Unknown;' 'Client's Paramour' (APS); 'Friend;' and 'Step-Child' were combined as 'Unrelated Non-Relative.' The categories for 'Niece/Nephew;' 'Grandchild;' and 'Other Family Member' were combined as 'Other Relative.'

Place of Residence: Response categories include: 'Friend/Relative;' 'Own Home/Apt;' 'Nursing Home;' 'Homeless;' 'Group Home;' 'Unlicensed Personal Care Home;' 'DHS Assisted Living;' 'General Hospital;' and 'Other.' To harmonize the data across grantees, 'Nursing Home' and 'DHS Assisted Living' were combined as 'Nursing Home/Assisted living.' 'Unlicensed Personal Care Home,' is included under 'Group Home/Unlicensed Personal Care Homes.' 'Homeless,' 'General Hospital,' and 'Friend/Relative' were collapsed into the 'Other' category.

Cognitively Impaired: Victim's cognitive impairment is based on the APS worker's observation.

Physical Function: Victim's physical function is based on the victim's report of physical impairment ('Mobility Impaired') or disability ('Physically Disabled').

Drug Abuse: This variable indicates whether the alleged perpetrator had any issues with drug abuse. If no response was provided, the response is assumed to be 'Not Applicable.'

Type of Abuse: Response categories include: 'Physical;' 'Psychological;' 'Sexual;' 'Financial Exploitation;' 'Neglect;' 'Self-Neglect;' and 'Other.' An additional category of 'Co-occurring' was added for individuals reporting more than one type of abuse.

Type of Service Referred/Received: Services received or referred by APS include:

  1. Counseling/Education.
  2. Referral.
  3. Purchase client services.
  4. Mediation.
  5. County--client referred to a county agency.
  6. No action--client's situation has been resolved, but not through APS.
  7. State: DADS--client referred to Texas Department of Aging and Disability Services.
  8. Assistance/Documentation assistance--active assistance, rather than counseling or referral.
  9. Benefits--reflects services related to the benefits being received by the client.
  10. Blank--"service type" left blank by worker.


APS Investigation Closure Reason: This item identifies actions and outcomes or resolution of cases opened with APS. The response categories include:

  1. Valid, continue as APS--represents all valid cases that progressed to the service stage.
  2. Resolved during investigation with service.
  3. Progress to ICS--client is determined to be at moderate to high risk of recidivism and is in need on intensive case services to remedy the root cause of the abuse, neglect, or financial exploitation.
  4. Progress to maintenance--alleged victim is experiencing abuse, neglect, or financial exploitation, and intensive case services are not necessary, but the case must remain open until the pending referral or service is completed.
  5. No services required--alleged victim is experiencing abuse, neglect, or financial exploitation, but APS intervention was not necessary to resolve the problem.
  6. Services needed, but not available.
  7. Client refused services.
  8. Client died.
  9. Moved/Unable to locate.
  10. Unable to determine--based on the available evidence, preponderance does not support a finding of Valid or Invalid for the allegations.
  11. Invalid--there is no indication the alleged victim is in a state of abuse, neglect, or financial exploitation following a thorough investigation.