An Evaluation of AoA's Program to Prevent Elder Abuse: Final Report. New York State Office for the Aging

08/01/2016

Age: Age refers to the age of participant.

Gender: Response categories include: 'Male' and 'Female.'

Ethnicity: Response categories include: 'Hispanic' and 'Not Hispanic.'

Race: Response categories include: 'Caucasian/White' and 'African American/Black.'

Education: Response categories include: 'Less than High School;' 'High School;' 'Some College;' 'College Graduate;' or 'Some Graduate Work.'

Marital Status: Response categories include: 'Married;' 'Single;' 'Divorced/Separated;' 'Widowed;' or 'Other/Unknown.'

Primary Language: Response categories include: 'English;' 'Spanish;' and 'Other.'

Type of Residence/Living Situation: Type of residence describes the setting in which the participant lives. Response categories include: 'Private Home' (including apartments and rented rooms); 'Multi-Family Home;' 'Assisted Living/Nursing Home;' 'Group Home;' 'Other;' and 'Unclear.'

Income: Response categories include: 'Less than $15,000;' '$15,000-$25,000;' '$25,001-$35,000;' '$35,001-$50,000;' '$50,001-$75,000;' '$75,001-$100,000;' and 'Greater than $100,000.'

Physical Function: Two scales were used to measure physical function. The first is a functional health scale measuring the number of difficulties with accomplishing six ADLs. Function levels measured include bathing/showering, dressing, toileting, transferring in/out of bed/chair, urine/bowel continence, and feeding. Response options include: 'Yes' (1) and 'No' (0). Responses to items are summed. The summary score ranges from 0-6, with a higher score indicating a higher level of physical function.

The second measure of physical function uses the IADL scale. IADL functions are more concerned with independent living skills rather than basic ADLs. Function levels measured include ability to use the telephone, shopping, food preparation, housekeeping, laundry, mode of transportation, responsibility for own medications and ability to handle finances. Response options include: 'Yes' (1) and 'No' (0). Responses to items are summed. The summary score ranges from 0-8, with a higher score indicating a higher level of physical function.

Depression: Response categories include 'Yes' and 'No,' with an additional value to specify 'Severe' depression amongst those who indicated they experienced depression.

Anxiety: Response categories include: 'No Anxiety;' 'Mild Anxiety;' 'Moderate Anxiety;' and 'Severe Anxiety.'

Social Support (Victim): The following questions regarding victims' social support are asked (see below). Responses include: 'Yes;' 'No;' and 'Unknown.' 'Unknown' is treated as missing.

  1. Is the victim socially isolated?
  2. Does the victim leave the house for social activity?
  3. Does the victim see friends or family members regularly?
  4. Does the victim have friend or family emotional supports available?
  5. Is the suspected perpetrator a part of the social support system?

     

Social Support (Perpetrator): The following questions regarding alleged perpetrators' social support are asked. Responses include: 'Yes;' 'No;' and 'Unknown.' 'Unknown' is treated as missing.

  1. Is the suspected perpetrator socially isolated?
  2. Does the suspected perpetrator leave the house for social activity?
  3. Does the suspected perpetrator see friends or family members regularly?
  4. Does the suspected perpetrator have friend or family emotional supports available?

     

Stress: Response categories include: 'No Stress;' 'Mild Stress;' Moderate Stress;' and 'Severe Stress.'

History of Substance Abuse: This is a self-reported measure by perpetrators. Responses include: 'Yes;' 'No;' and 'Unknown.' 'Unknown' is treated as missing.

Alcohol Abuse: This is a self-reported measure by perpetrators. Responses include: 'Yes;' 'No;' and 'Unknown.' 'Unknown' is treated as missing.

History of Abuse: This is a self-reported measure by perpetrators. Responses include: 'Yes;' 'No;' and 'Unknown.' 'Unknown' is treated as missing.

Type of Abuse: Responses include: 'Financial;' 'Neglect;' 'Emotional;' 'Physical;' 'Sexual;' and 'Other.'

Self-Neglect: Responses include: 'Yes;' 'No;' and 'Unknown.' 'Unknown' is treated as missing.

Reduction of Exploitation of Assets: This item asks if the E-MDT intervention reduced the exploitation of assets. Responses include: 'Yes;' 'No;' 'Unknown;' 'N/A;' and 'Other.' 'Unknown,' 'N/A,' and 'Other' are removed from the analyses.

Stop Exploitation of Assets: This item asks if the E-MDT intervention stopped the exploitation of assets. Responses include: 'Yes;' 'No;' 'Unknown;' 'N/A;' and 'Other.' 'Unknown,' 'N/A,' and 'Other' are removed from the analyses.

Facilitate Spending of Funds: This item asks if the E-MDT intervention facilitated the spending of funds on appropriate care or other needs. Responses include: 'Yes;' 'No;' 'Unknown;' 'N/A;' and 'Other.' 'Unknown,' 'N/A,' and 'Other' were removed from the analyses.

Reduction in Mistreatment: This item evaluates the risk of abuse during the intake assessment. Data are only available for participants in the Finger Lakes region intervention. Response categories at intake include: "No Risk' (The possibility of continued victimization is null); 'Low Risk' (The possibility of victimization is very unlikely to continue); 'Medium Risk' (The possibility of victimization is somewhat likely to continue); 'High Risk' (The possibility of victimization is very likely to continue); 'Unknown;' and 'N/A.' 'Unknown' and 'N/A' responses were removed from the analyses. At the end of the intervention, response categories included: 'Low Risk,' 'Medium Risk,' and High Risk.' The option of "No Risk' was not provided.