Evaluating Two Approaches to Case Management: Implementation, Participation Patterns, Costs, and Three-Year Impacts of the Columbus Welfare-to-Work Program. Length of Stay in Program Activities


Integrated group members participated in program activities for more time during the two year follow-up period than traditional group members (3.3 months compared with 1.9 months; see Table 3.2). If only those who participated in a program activity are considered, however, average length of participation was roughly similar (6.5 months in the integrated program and 5.9 months in the traditional program). The length of stay for participants in Columbus falls between the averages for the NEWWS Evaluation labor force attachment (LFA) and human capital development (HCD) programs.(8) For nongraduates, as was found for the full sample, length of stay in program activities was longer in the integrated program than in the traditional program. (See Appendix Table B.2.) For graduates, however, length of stay was similar in the two programs.

Table 3.2
Length of Participation Within a Two-Year Follow-up Period
Measure Integrated Group Traditional Group
For all sample members for whom case files were revieweda

Average number of months receiving AFDC

16.9 17.6

Average number of months in which individuals were JOBS-mandatory

14.4 15.1

Average number of months in which individuals participated in a JOBS activity

3.3 19***

Sample size

225 218
For participants onlyb

Average number of months in which individuals participated in a JOBS activity

6.5 5.9
Number of months in which there was participation(%)


13.8 11.3


20.7 22.5


12.9 8.5


12.9 22.5


24.1 23.9


11.2 4.2

19 or more

4.3 7.0

In any activity at the end of the follow-up period(%)

12.9 11.3

Sample size

116 71

Sources: MDRC calculations from MDRC-collected JOBS case file data and Ohio AFDC records.
Notes: aTests of statistical significance were calculated for the differences between the integrated and traditional groups. Statistical significance levels are indicated as: *=10 percent; **=5 percent; and ***=1 percent. bDifferences between the integrated and traditional group outcomes, shown in italics, are not true experimental comprisons; statistical significance were not calculated.