Evaluating Two Approaches to Case Management: Implementation, Participation Patterns, Costs, and Three-Year Impacts of the Columbus Welfare-to-Work Program. 5. Employment and Welfare Impacts of the Integrated and Traditional Programs


This chapter describes the integrated and traditional programs' three-year impacts on employment, earnings, AFDC receipt and payments, and combined income from earnings, AFDC, and Food Stamps.(1) The impact estimates in the chapter are based on quarterly unemployment insurance (UI) records and monthly AFDC and Food Stamp payment records.(2) As mentioned in Chapter 1, sample members were randomly assigned to either the integrated group, the traditional group, or the control group. This research design allows for three different experimental comparisons: integrated-control, traditional-control, and integrated-traditional. The first two comparisons provide estimates of the effects of each program (averages for control group members represent outcomes that are expected to occur in the absence of the programs); the third comparison provides estimates of the relative effectiveness of the two programs. Unless otherwise stated, the impacts discussed in this chapter are statistically significant.(3)