Poverty Status: In Appendix Tables 1, 2, 3, and 5, poverty status is based on 2011 poverty thresholds published by the U.S. Census Bureau, Housing and Household Economic Statistics Division. Since state-submitted Form-801 CCDF monthly child care data reports show recipients’ monthly income, the Census Bureau threshold is divided by twelve to create a comparable monthly threshold. Due to the source and limitations of data, different methods are used to calculate family income (and thus, poverty status) for children who receive subsidies versus children who are eligible for subsidies. Poverty status of recipients is based on family income used to determine child care subsidy eligibility, as reported by the state on Form-801 CCDF monthly child care data report for fiscal year 2011. As such, family income is reported after any relevant income disregards have been applied. Poverty status of eligible children, on the other hand, is determined based on full family income reported to the Current Population Survey for calendar year 2011 prior to application of any relevant income disregard.
Parent is Employed or Student Status: In Appendix Tables 1 and 2, “parent is student” status indicates that an eligible recipient lives in a household with a parent who is not employed because he or she is in school. Eligible recipients living with an employed parent who is also in school would not be included in the “parent is student” category. In the case of two-parent households, children are categorized by the parent with the least amount of employment hours. For example, if an eligible child has one parent working 40 hours per week and another parent working 18 hours per week, the child will be categorized as “parent employed 1-19 hours.” Eligible recipients living with a parent who is employed and a parent who is not employed because he or she is in school would be included in the “parent is student” category.
State by State Estimates of Eligibility: In Appendix Table 4, the estimate of potentially eligible children under federal parameters does not consider state-allowable income disregards when determining whether a child’s family income is below 85 percent of state median income. In some states, income disregards could lead to a higher estimate of children eligible under state-defined rules than under federal parameters. In Appendix Tables 4 and 5, the two-year average monthly estimates for calendar years 2010 and 2011 use the state median incomes published in the Federal Register: March 13, 2009 (Volume 74, Number 48) and May 12, 2010 (Volume 75, Number 91). For the two-year averages, the 2010-based simulation used state policies in effect as of October 2010 (and as mentioned earlier, the 2011-based simulation used state policies in effect as of October 2011). Updated weights from the 2010 decennial census were used for both calendar year 2010 and 2011 data.