Based on federal parameters that determine permissible eligibility, an estimated 14.3 million children were potentially eligible to receive child care subsidies in 2011. Roughly 2.4 million children, or 17 percent of federally-eligible children, received subsidized care through CCDF or related government funding streams in an average month of fiscal year 2011.
Rates of coverage vary by age and poverty status. Poorer children were more likely to receive subsidies than less poor children. Younger children were also more likely to receive subsidies than older children.
While current funding levels do not meet the child care needs of all working parents, poorer children are more likely to receive child care subsidy assistance, suggesting that funds are generally targeted to those most in need.