Estimates of Child Care Eligibility and Receipt for Fiscal Year 2006. Child Care Estimates Based on Federal Eligibility Parameters

04/30/2010

Seventeen percent of federally-eligible children received subsidized care through CCDF or related government funding streams in fiscal year 2006.  This number is based on estimates of the number of children eligible for child care under federal eligibility parameters and the number of children receiving subsidized care.

An estimated 14.57 million children were potentially eligible for child care assistance under the federal eligibility parameters of CCDF in an average month in 2006 (see Table 1).[2] Federal eligibility parameters include:

  • Children must be under age 13 (unless the child has special needs and is age 13-18);
  • The income of the childs family must be less than 85 percent of the state median income (SMI) for a family of the same size;[3] and
  • The childs parents must be working or participating in education or training activities.[4]

Figure 1 shows a breakdown of federally-eligible children by age and poverty status.

Figure 1:
Number of Children Potentially Eligible Under Federal Parameters,
by Age and Poverty Status (1,000s), Average Monthly, 2006

Figure 1: Number of Children Potentially Eligible Under Federal Parameters, by Age and Poverty Status (1,000s), Average Monthly, 2006. See text for explanation. See LongDesc for data.

Figure 1: Number of Children Potentially Eligible Under Federal Parameters, by Age and Poverty Status (1,000s), Average Monthly, 2006
  Age 0 Ages 1-2 Ages 3-4 Age 5 Ages 6-9 Ages 10-12
<= 100% poverty 306 660 655 294 1144 747
101-150% poverty 210 469 463 268 940 751
> 150% poverty & < 85% SMI 498 1012 1142 597 2388 1912

An estimated 2.51 million children received child care services through CCDF or related government funding streams in an average month in fiscal year 2006 (see Table 1).[5] While the majority of these children, 1.76 million, received assistance through CCDF, this estimate of receipt also includes roughly 748,000 children with subsidies funded directly through the Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program or the Social Services Block Grant (SSBG), and state expenditures claimed as TANF maintenance of effort (MOE) funds.[6]

Some children were more likely to receive services than others.  Eligible children from the lowest-income families were the most likely to receive child care assistance.  Roughly 39 percent of federally-eligible children from families with incomes below 100 percent of poverty and 23 percent of those from families with incomes between 101 percent and 150 percent of poverty were served (see Figure 2).[7]  By comparison, 4 percent of federally-eligible children from families with incomes greater than 150 percent of poverty were served.  In the case of families with one adult and two children, eligible children from families with incomes greater than 150 percent of poverty would include those from families with an income greater than roughly $24,400 but less than 85 percent of their states SMI.

Figure 2:
Percentage of Children Potentially Eligibile Under Federal Parameters that Receive Child Care Subsidies,
by Poverty Status, Average monthly, 2006

Figure 2: Percentage of children Potentially Eligibile Under Federal Parameters that Receive Child Care Subsidies, by Poverty Status, Average monthly, 2006. See text for explanation. Data is All Children = 17%, less than or equal to 100% Poverty = 39%, 101-150% Poverty = 23%, and greater than 150% poverty and Less than 85% SMI = 4%.

Figures 3a and 3b show that federally-eligible children between ages 1 and 4 were much more likely to receive subsidized care than eligible children older than age 5.  In 2006, a quarter of federally-eligible preschool-aged children were served (including 14 percent of infants, 26 percent of children ages 1-2, and 28 percent of children ages 3-4).  By comparison, 15 percent of federally-eligible children ages 6-9 and 7 percent of federally-eligible children ages 10-12 received subsidized care.  Figures 3a and 3b also show differences in the proportion of federally-eligible children served by family income and by family income and age.

Figure 3:
Percentage of Children Potentially Eligible Under Federal Parameters that Receive Child Care Subsidies,
by Age and Poverty Status, Average Monthly, 2006

Figure 3: Percentage of Children Potentially Eligible Under Federal Parameters that Receive Child Care Subsidies, by Age and Poverty Status, Average Monthly, 2006. See text for explanation and LONGDESC for data.

Figure 3: Percentage of Children Potentially Eligible Under Federal Parameters that Receive Child Care Subsidies, by Age and Poverty Status, Average Monthly, 2006. See text for explanation and LONGDESC for data.

Figure 3a: Percentage of Children Potentially Eligible Under Federal Parameters that Receive Child Care Subsidies, by Age and Poverty Status, Average Monthly, 2006, Children Under Age 5
  All Children Ages 0 to 4 Age 0 Ages 1-2 Ages 3-4
<= 100% Poverty 0.39 0.51 0.32 0.54 0.56
<=150% Poverty 0.32 0.43 0.25 0.45 0.50
All Eligible Children 0.17 0.25 0.14 0.26 0.28

 

Figure 3b: Percentage of Children Potentially Eligible Under Federal Parameters that Receive Child Care Subsidies, by Age and Poverty Status, Average Monthly, 2006, Children Age 5 and Older
  All Children Age 5-12 Age 5 Ages 6-9 Ages 10-12
<= 100% Poverty 0.39 0.31 0.51 0.33 0.2
<=150% Poverty 0.32 0.25 0.41 0.28 0.15
All Eligible Children 0.17 0.13 0.22 0.15 0.07

 

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