An Environmental Scan of Pay for Performance in the Hospital Setting: Final Report. Abbreviation


AAFP American Academy of Family Physicians
AAMC Association of American Medical Colleges
ACC American College of Cardiology
ACR American College of Radiology
AHA American Hospital Association
AHIP Association of Health Insurance Plans
AHRQ Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality
AMA American Medical Association
AMGA American Medical Group Association
AMI  Acute Myocardial Infarction
APU annual payment update
ASO administrative services only
ASPE Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation
AVR Aortic Valve Replacement
BCBS Blue Cross Blue Shield
BCBSA Blue Cross/Blue Shield Association
CABG Coronary Artery Bypass Graft
CAH Critical Access Hospital
CAHPS Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems
CAP Community Acquired Pneumonia
CART Clinical Abstracting and Reporting Tool
CDC Centers for Disease Control
CHA Catholic Health Association
CHF Congestive Heart Failure
CMS Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services
CPOE computerized physician order entry
CQI continuous quality improvement
CRUSADE Can Rapid Risk Stratification of Unstable Angina Patients Suppress Adverse Outcomes with Early Implementation of the ACC/AHA Guidelines
DHHS Department of Health and Human Services
DRA 2005 Deficit Reduction Act
DRG diagnosis-related group
EHR electronic health record
EMR electronic medical record
FAH Federation of American Hospitals
FFS fee for service
FY fiscal year
GWTG Get with the Guidelines
HCAHPS Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems
HIT health information technology
HMO health maintenance organization
HMSA Hawaii Medical Service Association
HQA Hospital Quality Alliance
ICU intensive care unit
IHA Integrated Healthcare Association
IHI Institute for Healthcare Improvement 
IOM Institute of Medicine
IT information technology
JAMA Journal of the American Medical Association
JC Joint Commission
MedPAC Medicare Payment Advisory Commission
MGMA Medical Group Management Association
NACH National Association of Children’s Hospitals
NEJM New England Journal of Medicine
NQF National Quality Forum
NRHA National Rural Health Association
NSQIP National Surgical Quality Improvement Program
NVHRI National Voluntary Hospital Reporting Initiative
ORYX A quality improvement initiative introduced by JC that utilizes performance measures
P4P pay for performance
P4R pay for reporting
PGP Physician Group Practice
PHQID CMS–Premier Hospital Quality Incentive Demonstration
POS point of service
PPO preferred provider organization
PPS Prospective Payment System
PQRI Physician Quality Reporting Initiative
QALY quality adjusted life years
QIO Quality Improvement Organization
RHQDAPU Reporting Hospital Quality Data for Annual Payment Update
ROI return on investment
SCIP Surgical Care Improvement Project
STS Society of Thoracic Surgeons
TEP Technical Expert Panel 
VBP value-based purchasing
VHA Voluntary Hospital Association 
VTE Venous Thromboembolism

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