Effect of PACE on Costs, Nursing Home Admissions, and Mortality: 2006-2011. A. Study States


The study included eight states that had a sufficient number of PACE enrollees during 2006-2008 (the years of sample entry for the study) and also had participants in at least one Medicaid HCBS 1915(c) waiver program targeted at aged enrollees during the same years. Specifically, we selected states that had at least 250 new PACE enrollees over the three year period from 2006 to 2008 and had a sizeable number of new enrollees (over 3,000) in waiver programs of type G (aged and disabled waiver) and type H (aged waiver), over the same period.8 The eight states included in the study are: California, Colorado, Massachusetts, Michigan, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, and Pennsylvania. They include states with a relatively large PACE population (e.g., the states of California, Massachusetts, and New York, which each had over 1,000 new entrants across the three years), as well as states with somewhat smaller PACE population (e.g., New Mexico and Oregon). This set of states includes at least one from all regions of the United States except the Deep South--the Northeast (Massachusetts, New York, and Pennsylvania), Midwest (Michigan), Southcentral (Colorado), Southwest (New Mexico), and the West/Northwest (California and Oregon).

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