Do Mandatory Welfare-to-Work Programs Affect the Well-Being of Children?. Appendix D: (Table) For All Families in the Client Survey Sample: Control Group Child Outcomes and Impacts on Child Outcomes

Table D.1
For All Families in the Client Survey Sample:
Control Group Child Outcomes and Impacts on Child Outcomes
  Behavioral Adjustment School Progress Health and Safety
Site and Program Sample Size Suspended from School (%) Receiving or Requiring Help for Behavioral or Emotional Problems (%) Attends a Special Class for Behavioral or Emotional Problems (%) Repeated a Grade (%) Attends a Special Class for Learning Problems (%) Removed from Mother's Care (%) Taken to Hospital for Accident, Injury, or Poisoning (%)
Control Group Child Outcomes
Atlanta 1,086 23.1   17.2   8.5   19.3   12.5   2.6   21.5  
Grand Rapids 584 18.2   31.2   14.6   12.1   28.9   4.8   33.6  
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 1,114 15.6   22.5   5.0   10.5   21.6   3.8   30.7  
Riverside Human Capital Development 729 18.5   21.4   6.0   12.6   22.8   3.9   28.5  
Portland 313 20.0   35.6   13.2   6.5   28.0   7.7   34.4  
Columbus 357 27.6   26.5   11.7   16.9   27.4   3.3   33.5  
Detroit 216 20.9   11.9   4.1   12.5   12.1   1.3   18.1  
Oklahoma City 252 16.1   19.8   5.3   16.5   22.3   3.8   36.7  
Impacts on Child Outcomes
Atlanta Labor Force Attachment 1,890 -2.7   -2.8 * -3.3 *** -2.1   0.3   -0.6   0.4  
Grand Rapids Labor Force Attachment 1,158 2.1   -0.3   1.3   3.0   -1.5   -0.6   -0.4  
Riverside Labor Force Attachment 1,678 6.6 *** 2.4   3.0 *** -2.3 * 1.0   -0.6   -0.3  
Portland 610 -4.3   -6.3   -2.8   -0.7   -2.1   -2.3   -0.6  
Atlanta Human Capital Development 2,199 0.7   -2.4   -0.1   -3.1 * -0.5   -0.5   -0.2  
Grand Rapids Human Capital Development 1,158 -0.4   0.4   0.7   0.5   0.4   1.0   -3.1  
Riverside Human Capital Development 1,350 -0.7   -1.1   1.9   -0.9   -2.3   -0.4   -0.6  
Columbus Integrated 728 -2.0   -1.3   -2.8   0.1   -8.3 *** 0.6   -3.8  
Columbus Traditional 723 1.9   1.3   -0.3   -0.4   0.1   2.5 * -2.4  
Detroit 426 -2.9   2.9   0.2   -3.0   -0.8   0.7   1.4  
Oklahoma City 511 -0.9   3.8   -0.3   -1.8   -3.1   0.5   2.2  
SOURCE: MDRC calculations from the Two-Year Client Survey.

NOTES: Riverside limited enrollment in its HCD program to individuals determined by program regulations to need basic education, because they lacked a high school diploma or GED certificate, attained low scores on a reading or math test administered at program entry, or had limited proficiency in English. As a result, control group means differ for the Riverside LFA and HCD programs.

A two-tailed t-test was applied to differences between outcomes for the program and control groups. Statistical significance levels are indicated as * = 10 percent, ** = 5 percent, and *** = 1 percent.

[Note to fact-checkers: the numbers in this figure come from Table 10.2 of the 7-site report. - dac 5/27/99]