Table 3 presents a more detailed hierarchical measure that further describes the distribution of the population by type of assistance received. Overall, 28.7% or about 11 million older adults received help in the last month. The majority of this group received assistance with self-care or mobility-related activities or resided in a nursing home (7.7 million) and the remaining 3.3 million receive assistance only with household activities.
TABLE 3. Types of Assistance Received by Older Americans
Types of Assistance Received by Older Americans
|Assistance Level||%||Number (millions)|
|3+ Self-care or mobility activities (a)||7.0%||2.7|
|1-2 Self-care or mobility activities (a)||10.3%||3.9|
|Household activities (b)||8.5%||3.3|
Table 4 shows the characteristics of the population receiving assistance, by level of assistance. The first column shows percentages for the nursing home population (representing 2.9% of the population) and all other columns include only those living outside of nursing homes (the remaining 97.1%).
Women are a disproportionate share of the nursing home population and of those receiving assistance with self-care or household activities. Blacks and Hispanics are over-represented in self-care assistance categories, and Blacks are also over-represented among nursing home residents. Widowed individuals and those with low incomes are over-represented among those receiving assistance. Less than 2% of individuals receiving no assistance are living in supportive care settings other than nursing homes, compared with 13% of those receiving assistance with 1-2 self-care or mobility activities and nearly 17% of those receiving assistance with three or more such activities.
TABLE 4. Characteristics of the Population Ages 65 and Older, by Level of Assistance (%)
|Nursing Home Population||Non-Nursing Home Population|
|3+ Self-Care or Mobility Activitiesa||1-2 Self-Care or Mobility Activitiesa||Household Activitiesb||Any Self-Care, Household Mobility, or Activitiesb Household Activityc||No Assistance||Total, Non-Nursing Home|
|Married/living with partner||---||42.1||47.0||40.7||43.6||61.9||57.0|
|Supportive care setting other than