Table 1 shows the percentage and number of older adults with self-care or mobility limitations, household activity limitations, and either type of limitation. Altogether, 18% report difficulty but not receiving assistance with self-care and mobility limitations and another one in five (20.1%) receives assistance from another person. With respect to household activities, 12% report difficulty but not receiving assistance, and one in four (24.8%) have received assistance related to their health or functioning in the last month.
The bottom panel combines self-care/mobility and household activity limitations. Nearly 20%--7.5 million--report difficulty with at least one activity but no assistance, and another 28.7%--nearly 11 million--received assistance with at least one activity in the last month.
TABLE 1. Percentage and Number of the 65 and Older Population with Self-Care, Mobility, and Household Activity Limitations
|Self-care and mobility limitationsa|
|No difficulty and no help||61.5||23.4|
|Difficulty, but no help||18.3||7.0|
|Household activity limitationsb|
|No difficulty and no help||62.8||23.9|
|Difficulty, but no help||12.4||4.7|
|Help for health or functioning reasons||24.8||9.5|
|No difficulty and no help||51.7||19.8|
|Difficulty, but no help||19.6||7.5|
Table 2 shows these prevalences by five-year age groups. The percentage reporting difficulty with self-care or mobility activities increase from 65-69 to 80-84 and then declines through ages 90+ whereas the percentage getting help with such activities increases from 11% of 65-69 year olds to nearly 62% of 90+ year olds. With respect to household activities, reports of difficulty but no help increase through age 70-79 (peaking at 13.6%) before declining to under 6% for those 90+, as the proportion receiving help increases.
|Self-care and mobility limitationsa,b|
|Difficulty, but no help||17.1||17.7||19.1||21.8||19.1||14.6|
|Household activity limitationsc|
|Difficulty, but no help||12.2||13.6||13.6||12.5||10.8||5.7|
|Help for health or functioning reasons||12.3||14.6||23.9||34.2||54.1||73.1|
|Difficulty, but no help||19.6||20.7||21.0||21.2||16.5||9.3|
|Population (in millions)||11.6||8.9||6.9||5.4||3.4||1.9|
When all activities are considered (bottom panel), the proportion with difficulty but receiving no help is fairly stable at about 20% until age 85, at which point the proportion receiving help begins to rise more rapidly. The percentage receiving help with at least one activity rises from less than 16% of adults ages 65-69 to more than 75% of those age 90 and older.