The three groups for comparison in the study are individuals ages 21 to 55 defined as follows.
- TANF Recipients - defined as individuals responding that someone in the family received cash assistance for at least one month in the prior year from a state or county welfare program.
- Food Stamp Recipients - defined as individuals that responded someone in the family received food stamps at any time in the last calendar year.
- Low-Income Single Mother Families – defined as single women with children whose family income was less than 200 percent of poverty in the prior year.
We start with age 21 because marital status in the NHIS is not defined for those under age 21. Because we are primarily concerned with work status, we do not include individuals beyond age 55.