Disabilities Among TANF Recipients: Evidence from the NHIS. Family Head Disability Measures

05/15/2009

  1. Self-care limitations — Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) – because of a physical, mental, or emotional problem, person needs the help of others with personal care needs such as eating, bathing, dressing, or getting around inside this home.
  2. Routine activities limitations — Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs) – because of a physical mental or emotional problem, person needs the help of others in handling routine needs such as everyday household chores, doing necessary business, shopping, or getting around for other purposes.
  3. Movement — person says, because of a health problem, they can’t do at all or it is very difficult to do any one of the following by themselves without the use of special equipment: walk a quarter of a mile (about three city blocks); walk up 10 steps without resting; stand or be on your feet for about two hours; sit for about two hours; stoop, bend, or kneel; reach over your head; use your fingers to grasp or handle small objects; lift or carry something as heavy as 10 pounds such as a bag full of groceries; push or pull large objects like a living room chair. (Those reporting they do not do a specific activity are not counted as having a movement limitation.)
  4. Emotional/mental — A score of 13 or greater on the K6 serious psychological distress scale which measures psychological distress associated with unspecified but serious mental illness.(9)
  5. Sensory — person describes their hearing ability without a hearing aid as “a lot of trouble” or deaf OR person reports they are blind and unable to se at all.
  6. Cognitive — person is limited in any way because of difficulty in remembering or because they experience periods of confusion.
  7. Social limitations — person reports they can’t do at all or it is very difficult to do any one of the following: go out to things like shopping, movies, or sporting events; participate in social activities such as visiting friends, attending clubs and meetings, going to parties; do thing to relax at home or for leisure (reading, watching TV, sewing, listening to music). (Those reporting they do not do a specific activity are not counted as having a social limitation.)
  8. Work limitations — a physical, mental, or emotional problem now keeps the person from working at a job or businesses OR limits the kind or amount of work a person can do.
  9. Public Disability Benefit Recipient — the receipt of government sponsored disability benefits - Supplemental Security Income, Social Security, or Railroad Retirement income, for one’s own disability in the previous year.
  10. Private Disability Benefit Recipient — receipt of income from any disability pension other than Social Security or Railroad Retirement in the previous year.
  11. Excessive Alcohol Use — consumed greater than or equal to five drinks in one day at least 12 times during the past 12 months.(10)
  12. Disability1 — In any of the above categories 1 through 11
  13. Disability2 — In category #1 (self-care) or #2 (routine needs)

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