Disabilities Among TANF Recipients: Evidence from the NHIS. Endnotes


1.  A complete description of all measures used and how they are created using the NHIS data is provided in the Appendix.

2. Low-income single moms are defined as families with only a mother and biological or non-biological children living together with or without other related adults. Mothers with cohabiting partners are not included in this definition. Low-income is defined as income less than 200 percent of the poverty line.

3. Further discussion of the randomly chosen adult issue can be found in the Appendix.

4. This is the only measure of substance use or abuse asked about in the regular NHIS. While it is not a measure of disability, it has been correlated with serious health problems and loss of life (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2004).

5. Individuals cannot receive both TANF and SSI cash assistance. However, since both of these program participation numbers are measured as receipt at any time in the past year, individuals may be receiving these two benefits at different times. It is also possible that the adult is receiving SSI while another household member is receiving TANF benefits.

6. The difference is not statistically significant. We call these private here, but they also include workers compensation benefits.

7. To calculate employment rates, all characteristics are held at their mean, except for the characteristic of interest.

8. This measure is a combination of the work limitation measure used in this report and a scale for mental health issues similar to that used in this report.

9. The index has been shown to be a good predictor of unspecified serious mental illness (Kessler et al. 2003). The scale is based on weighting responses to how often during the past 30 days did the person feel each of the following: so sad nothing could cheer you up; nervous; restless or fidgety; hopeless; that everything was an effort; worthless.

10. This is not the same as measures of alcohol abuse or dependence. It is a subset of the measure “binge drinking” which is defined as 5 or more drinks in one day for men or 4 or more drinks in one day for women at some point in the past 30 days. While it is not a measure of disability per se, this measure has been correlated to serious negative health outcomes and behaviors and loss of life (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2004). The core NHIS does not have a measure of non-alcohol substance use, abuse or dependence.

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