A Descriptive Analysis of the U.S. Department of Labor's Long-Term Care Registered Apprenticeship Programs. Glossary of Terms


Apprenticeship Agreement -- A written agreement, complying with §29.7, between an apprentice and either the apprentice’s program sponsor, or an apprenticeship committee acting as agent for the program sponsor(s), which contains the terms and conditions of the employment and training of the apprentice.

Apprenticeship Program -- A plan containing all terms and conditions for the qualification, recruitment, selection, employment and training of apprentices, as required under 29 CFR parts 29 and 30, including such matters as the requirement for a written apprenticeship agreement.

Apprenticeship Standards -- A written agreement between an apprenticeship sponsor and the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) that outlines all components of the sponsor’s apprenticeship program including the work processes, related instruction, process for hiring, pledge to affirmative action, responsibilities of apprentices, and maintenance of records.

Certificate of Completion of Apprenticeship -- Acertificate issued by the Registration Agency to those registered apprentices certified and documented as successfully completing the apprentice training requirements outlined in the Standards of Apprenticeship.

Certificate of Training -- A certificate that may be issued by the DOL’s Office of Apprenticeship (OA) Administrator to those registered apprentices documented as successfully completing an approved, defined component of the apprentice training requirement as outlined in the Work Process Schedule of the Standards of Apprenticeship.

Certification -- A status conferred based on documentary evidence that:

  1. The OA has approved a set of National Guidelines for Apprenticeship Standards developed by a national committee or organization, joint or unilateral, for policy or guideline use by local affiliates, as conforming to the standards of apprenticeship set forth in §29.5;
  2. A Registration Agency has established that an individual is eligible for probationary employment as an apprentice under a registered apprenticeship program;
  3. A Registration Agency has registered an apprenticeship program as evidenced by a Certificate of Registration or other written indicia;
  4. A Registration Agency has determined that an apprentice has successfully met the requirements to receive an interim credential; or
  5. A Registration Agency has determined that an individual has successfully completed an apprenticeship.

CNA -- Certified Nursing Assistant, O*NET-SOC Code 31-1012.00, an occupation in which employees work in free-standing or hospital-affiliated nursing homes caring for persons with clinical needs and/or needing assistance in activities such as eating, bathing, and similar activities.

Competency -- The attainment of manual, mechanical or technical skills and knowledge, as specified by an occupational standard and demonstrated by an appropriate written and/or hands-on proficiency measurement.

Competency-Based Apprenticeship -- An apprenticeship that measures skill acquisition through successful demonstration of acquired skills and knowledge, as verified by the program sponsor. Programs utilizing this approach must still require apprentices to complete an on-the-job training (OJT) component of Registered Apprenticeship. The program standards must address how OJT will be integrated into the program, describe competencies, and identify an appropriate means of testing and evaluation for such competencies. A competency-based apprenticeship may take a shorter or longer time to complete based on the apprentice’s ability to learn a skill or acquire knowledge.

DSS -- Direct Support Specialist, O*NET-SOC Code 21-1093.00, an occupation in which employees provide care in group homes for persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities needing monitoring and assistance in daily activities.

Enrollment Status -- Whether an apprentice is registered currently in an apprenticeship, has completed an apprenticeship, has cancelled their apprenticeship (or had it cancelled by their employer), or suspended in good standing for an indefinite period of time with the intention of completing it.

HHA -- Home Health Aide, O*NET-SOC Code 31-1011.00,an occupation in which employees work in home health and hospice agencies providing services to people living in the community having clinical needs and/or needing assistance with eating, bathing, and similar activities.

HSS -- Health Support Specialist, O*NET-SOC Code 31-1011.00, an occupation in which employees work in assisted living facilities and retirement homes providing care for largely elderly persons needing monitoring and assistance with daily tasks.

Hybrid Apprenticeship -- An apprenticeship that measures skill acquisition through a combination of a specified minimum number of hours of OJT and the successful demonstration of competency as described in a work process schedule.

Interim Credential -- A credential issued by the Registration Agency, upon request of the appropriate sponsor, as certification of competency attainment by an apprentice. Competency means the attainment of manual or technical skills and knowledge, as specified by an occupational standard and demonstrated by an appropriate written and hands-on proficiency measurement. Programs sponsors shall identify and define all interim credentials and include a list of them in their program standards. Interim credentials can only be issued for recognized components of an apprenticeable occupation as identified by an appropriate job task analysis.

LTC RAP -- Long-Term Care Registered Apprenticeship Programs are developed by employers, employer associations or labor-management organizations to train employees of nursing homes, rehabilitation centers, home health agencies, assisted living facilities, retirement homes, and group homes for people with disabilities using the apprenticeship model. These programs have been registered with the OA or a State Apprenticeship Agency (SAA).

OA -- Office of Apprenticeship, the office designated by the DOL’s Employment and Training Administration (ETA) to administer the National Apprenticeship System.

Occupation -- A field of work in which employees perform similar roles and responsibilities. Employees in a given occupation may work in a range of different settings. For example, employees working in the occupation of CNA usually work in nursing homes, but may also work in home health agencies and assisted living facilities.

OJT -- On-the-Job Training, training that occurs during the performance of an apprentice’s regular job responsibilities at their place of employment. OJT is essentially learning that occurs by doing one’s actual job responsibilities over the course of their employment.

RAPIDS -- Registered Apprenticeship Partners Information Data System, the administrative database maintained by the DOL’s OA to manage registered apprenticeship programs. RAPIDS contains apprentice-level (e.g., demographic) and sponsor-level (e.g., types and lengths of apprenticeships offered by the employer) information.

Registered Apprenticeship -- A formal employment relationship designed to promote skill training and learning on the job. The National Apprenticeship Act (NAA) of 1937 established the foundation for developing and expanding the nation’s skilled workforce through registered apprenticeship programs and standards for safeguarding the welfare of apprentices. Often referred to as the Fitzgerald Act, the NAA created a comprehensive system of partnerships among business, labor, education, and government that has shaped skill training through registered apprenticeship for succeeding generations of American workers. Basic components of registered apprenticeship include on-the-job (“hands-on”) learning, related theoretical instruction (often in a classroom setting), progressive wage increases as the apprentice advances in skill attainment and a mentor-apprentice relationship. An apprentice who successfully completes a registered program, which usually requires 1-5 years, is awarded a certificate of completion of apprenticeship. An OA registered program is one in which employers, or groups of employers, and unions design, organize, manage, and finance apprenticeship programs under the standards developed and registered with OA or a DOL/ETA-recognized SAA. Employers, or groups of employers, and unions also select apprentices who are trained to meet certain pre-determined occupational standards. For more information, see the OA web site at http://www.doleta.gov/oa.

RI -- Related instruction, an organized and systematic form of instruction designed to provide the apprentice with the knowledge of the theoretical and technical subject matter related to the apprentice’s occupation. Such instruction may be given in a classroom, through occupational or industrial courses, or by correspondence courses, electronic media, or other forms of self-study of equivalent value approved by the Registration Agency.

SAA -- State Apprenticeship Agency, an agency of state government that has responsibility and accountability for apprenticeship within a state. Only a SAA may seek recognition by the OA as an agency which has been properly constituted under an acceptable law or Executive Order, and authorized by the OA to register and oversee apprenticeship programs and agreements for federal purposes.

SOC Code -- Standard Occupational Classification Code, which are used in an Internet-based system (O*NET) for classifying occupations for use by workforce professionals and consumers.

Sponsor -- An employer, employer association, or labor-management organization that registers and operates an apprenticeship program. For example, an individual nursing home, a home health agency or an association representing these businesses may host and operate apprenticeships for its employees.

Term Length -- The sum of hours spent in OJT and related instruction to learn a given occupation. A time-based apprenticeship usually has a single term length (e.g., 2000 hours).

Time-Based Apprenticeship -- An apprenticeship that measures skill acquisition through completion of at least 2,000 hours of OJT as described in a work process schedule.

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