A Description of Board and Care Facilities, Operators, and Residents. Section 6: Resident Characteristics

12/01/1995

In this section we use data from personal interviews with 3,257 residents in 510 board and care facilities to provide an overview of resident characteristics. We first consider demographic characteristics such as age, gender, and marital status. We next provide a summary of financial support available to the residents. Section 6.3 and Section 6.4 describe the prevalence of mental, cognitive, and functional impairment among board and care residents. The following sections look at physical status and the use of health care services. We also examine the social interactions of residents and their satisfaction with the board and care environment.

EXHIBIT 6-1. Resident Demographic Characteristics
  Total
  Residents (%)  
Previous Studies
  DRIa (%)     SSAb (%)  
Age
18-64 22 28 Excluded
65-74 14 22 68
75-84 30 38 18
85+ 34   24
Average age 75 NA NA
Length of Stay
Average years in facility 2.8 NA NA
Race/Ethnicity
White 91 86 NA
African American 7 14 NA
Hispanic 5 NA NA
Gender
Female 66 58 67
Male 34 42 33
Marital Status
Married 13 6 6
Divorced, widowed, separated 68 58 63
Never married 19 36 31
NA = Not available.
  1. Dittmar and Smith (1983).
  2. Mor et al. (1986).

 

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