A Description of Board and Care Facilities, Operators, and Residents. Appendix C. Resident Characteristics

12/01/1995

Resident characteristics are summarized in Appendix C. Our strategy for examining resident characteristics was similar to that described for facility characteristics. We stratified facilities by size and then assessed the impact of facility licensure status upon the distribution of key resident characteristics. We present the results of these analyses in Table C-1, Table C-2 and Table C-3. Table C-4, Table C-5 and Table C-6 present the characteristics of residents in licensed facilities only and examines the impact of regulatory environment upon key characteristics.

TABLE C-1. Characteristics of Residents by Facility Licensure Status and Size: Background
Background Small Medium Large Overall Effect of Licensure Status Chi-Square (Prob)
Licensed % (SE) Unlicensed % (SE) Licensed % (SE) Unlicensed % (SE) Licensed % (SE) Unlicensed % (SE)
RESIDENT AGE
18-39 8.0 (2.3) 16.2 (4.6) 5.3 (2.3) 16.2 (5.8) 3.6 (1.7) 6.1 (2.1) 60.5
(<.01)
40-64 15.6 (2.4) 19.0 (3.3) 26.2 (2.7) 25.5 (6.9) 14.2 (3.2) 6.0 (1.9)
65-74 17.2 (1.1) 27.5 (2.6) 16.4 (2.8) 6.2 (2.4) 11.6 (0.9) 14.4 (1.8)
75-84 25.9 (1.5) 20.6 (5.2) 26.3 (3.0) 24.1 (8.0) 30.4 (2.8) 44.3 (5.1)
85+ 33.3 (3.1) 16.6 (2.8) 25.8 (2.8) 28.3 (13.5) 40.2 (3.9) 29.2 (3.9)
LLChi-Sq. 4.45 17.4 51.7
LLProbability (<.01) (</01) (</01)
GENDER
Male 33.0 (2.8) 49.3 (7.3) 38.8 (2.4) 52.1 (8.9) 31.1 (2.3) 33.2 (2.6) 1.2
0.3
Female 67.0 (2.8) 50.7 (7.3) 61.2 (2.4) 47.9 (8.9) 68.9 (2.3) 66.8 (2.6)
LLChi-Sq. 3.8 2.6 0.3
LLProbability (0.07 0.13 .62
RACE
White 85.8 (2.6) 69.5 (4.3) 87.9 (2.9) 85.2 (5.1) 95.4 (1.2) 91.0 (2.6) 4.5
.39
Black 11.7 (2.6) 27.7 (4.6) 9.8 (3.1) 13.5 (4.5) 3.2 (0.9) 7.9 (2.5)
Asian/PacIsl 1.7 (1.2) 1.4 (0.7) 0.6 (0.6) 1.0 (0.8) 0.7 (0.3) 0.3 (0.2)
AmerInd 0.8 (0.3) 0.5 (0.6) 0.8 (0.5) 0.0 (0.0) 0.5 (0.4) 0.8 (0.6)
Other 0.1 (0.1) 1.0 (0.6) 0.8 (0.4) 0.4 (0.4) 0.3 (0.2) 0.1 (0.1)
LLChi-Sq. 14.7 --- 7.8
LLProbability 0.03 --- .16
HISPANIC
Yes 6.5 (2.8) 16.1 (7.7) 5.5 (1.4) 11.1 (6.7) 4.5 (2.5) 1.5 (0.7) 1.5
.25
No 93.5 (2.8) 83.9 (7.7) 94.5 (1.4) 88.9 (6.7) 95.5 (2.5) 98.5 (0.7)
LLChi-Sq. 1.8 1.2 2.5
LLProbability .20 .30 .14
HIGHEST EDUCATION LEVEL
<9th grade 28.2 (5.6) 29.0 (4.5) 22.2 (1.8) 27.5 (6.4) 19.9 (2.1) 7.6 (1.6) 42.4
<0.01
Some HS 16.5 (2.0) 20.0 (4.1) 24.6 (3.4) 20.0 (3.9) 18.1 (2.5) 14.0 (1.4)
HS Grad 22.7 (2.7) 18.0 (2.3) 23.1 (2.8) 22.8 (4.6) 26.4 (2.1) 21.1 (2.9)
Trade/Tech 2.7 (0.8) 4.2 (1.8) 6.0 (1.7) 3.8 (1.5) 7.5 (1.9) 6.6 (1.3)
Some College 13.9 (2.4) 19.6 (6.7) 12.2 (1.0) 14.8 (4.8) 16.2 (1.8) 16.3 (2.2)
4 yr coll grad 10.7 (2.6) 5.2 (1.7) 8.8 (2.9) 8.8 (2.8) 9.5 (1.2) 19.0 (2.8)
Postgrad 5.3 (1.0) 3.9 (2.0) 3.1 (1.1) 2.2 (1.2) 2.4 (0.7) 15.5 (3.9)
LLChi-Sq. 14.9 3.0 38.3
LLProbability 0.08 0.79 <.0.01
RESIDENT/SPOUSE 1992 TOTAL INCOME
<$1200 2.6 (0.8) 0.0 (0.0) 8.7 (5.1) 2.1 (1.7) 3.7 (3.3) 2.1 (0.9) 59.4
<0.01
$1200-4999 3.0 (1.6) 5.3 (3.4) 3.5 (2.2) 6.4 (2.6) 1.7 (1.0) 2.3 (1.5)
$5000-8999 10.8 (1.2) 14.7 (5.8) 14.6 (3.5) 1 5.2 (4.5) 6.8 (2.2) 3.3 (1.1)
$9000-13,999 42.2 (4.2) 38.7 (7.3) 35.4 (6.2) 35.4 (11.2) 32.2 (6.2) 12.5 (3.4)
$14,000-24,999 24.2 (2.0) 26.2 (5.5) 16.9 (1.8) 26.3 (11.4) 27.7 (5.4) 16.2 (3.9)
$25,00-50K 14.7 (3.8) 12.4 (5.1) 13.0 (3.2) 6.9 (2.8) 18.6 (3.1) 21.7 (1.9)
$50K 2.6 (0.8) 1.7 (1.1) 6.2 (3.5) 7.4 (4.6) 8.0 (2.1) 4.5 (18.6)
None 0.0 (0.0) 0.9 (0.9) 1.8 (1.5) 0.3 (0.3) 1.3 (1.2) 18.6 (5.0)
LLChi-Sq. --- 47.8 104.8
LLProbability --- <0.01 <0.01
MEDICARE BENEFICIARY
Yes 84.3 (2.5) 66.6 (5.3) 76.0 (3.2) 69.8 (9.4) 90.7 (2.3) 87.0 (3.1) 0.2
0.70
No 15.7 (2.5) 33.4 (5.3) 24.0 (3.2) 30.2 (9.4) 9.3 (2.3) 13.0 (3.1)
LLChi-Sq. 9.4 0.5 0.9
LLProbability 0.01 0.49 0.37
MEDICAID COVERAGE
Yes 43.6 (4.6) 32.1 (7.2) 42.2 (5.1) 27.4 (9.9) 30.3 (7.1) 4.6 (1.8) 41.9
<0.01
No 56.4 (4.6) 67.9 (7.2) 57.8 (5.1) 72.6 (9.9) 69.7 (7.1) 95.4 (1.8)
LLChi-Sq. 1.8 1.9 33.8
LLProbability 0.20 0.19 <0.01
SSI RECIPIENT
Yes 39.8 (5.1) 28.7 (5.6) 36.4 (3.6) 23.6 (8.8) 29.0 (6.6) 5.2 (1.7) 47.8
<0.01
No 60.2 (5.1) 71.3 (5.6) 63.6 (3.6) 76.4 (8.8) 71.0 (6.6) 94.8 (1.7)
LLChi-Sq. 3.6 2.1 34.8
LLProbability 0.08 0.17 <0.01
SOCIAL SECURITY RECIPIENT
Yes 83.8 (2.8) 77.9 (4.8) 78.5 (2.6) 81.0 (7.5) 91.2 (2.0) 88.2 (3.1) 0.05
0.83
No 16.2 (2.8) 22.1 (4.8) 21.5 (2.6) 19.0 (7.5) 8.8 (2.0) 11.8 (3.1)
LLChi-Sq. 1.1 0.1 0.4
LLProbability 0.32 0.75 0.47
VA PENSION RECIPIENT
Yes 9.2 (1.8) 23.8 (5.0) 13.1 (2.7) 18.1 (4.9) 5.3 (1.2) 14.8 (5.2) 4.8
.05
No 90.8 (1.8) 76.2 (5.0) 86.9 (2.7) 81.9 (4.9) 94.7 (1.2) 85.2 (5.2)
LLChi-Sq. 12.3 1.4 7.3
LLProbability <.01 .25 0.2
RESIDENT AGE 73.8 (1.8) 65.7 (2.0) 71.8 (2.1) 66.8 (5.8) 77.2 (1.9) 76.3 (1.5) (.84)
P-Value of t-Test (.01) (.42) (.71)
YEARS IN FACILITY 2.8 (0.3) 3.0 (0.4) 2.8 (0.2) 3.0 (0.5) 2.5 (0.3) 3.9 (0.3) (.02)
P-Value of t-Test (.60) (.70) (.01)

 

TABLE C-2. Characteristics of Residents by Facility Licensure Status and Size: Health and Medical Utilization
Health and Medical Utilization Small Medium Large Overall Effect of Licensure Status Chi-Square (Prob)
Licensed % (SE) Unlicensed % (SE) Licensed % (SE) Unlicensed % (SE) Licensed % (SE) Unlicensed % (SE)
SELF RATED HEALTH
Poor 11.3 (3.7) 9.9 (2.5) 12.6 (1.6) 13.4 (6.0) 6.8 (1.5) 5.9 (1.2) 20.0
0.01
Fair 30.2 (2.5) 32.7 (3.2) 34.4 (3.6) 21.1 (2.6) 32.8 (4.2) 24.0 (1.7)
Good 40.5 (2.4) 31.4 (5.2) 34.2 (2.0) 41.3 (4.3) 41.2 (2.8) 38.2 (2.2)
Very Good 12.8 (3.3) 12.6 (4.0) 12.5 (1.6) 16.5 (5.6) 14.6 (3.3) 22.8 (2.6)
Excellent 5.2 (1.3) 13.3 (5.6) 6.2 (2.2) 7.7 (2.5) 4.5 (1.5) 9.1 (1.7)
LLChi-Sq. 9.3 11.0 11.1
LLProbability 0.1 0.07 0.07
RESPONDENT HAS DIABETES
Yes 11.0 (1.3) 12.6 (3.4) 8.3 (2.0) 9.1 (5.1) 12.3 (0.8) 11.0 (1.6) 0.02
0.90
No 89.0 (1.3) 87.4 (3.4) 91.7 (2.0) 90.9 (5.1) 87.7 (0.8) 89.0 (1.6)
LLChi-Sq. 0.2 0.3 0.6
LLProbability 0.6 0.87 0.46
ARTHRITIS/RHEUMATISM
Yes 42.6 (2.8) 27.7 (2.5) 36.9 (2.4) 47.0 (8.3) 43.2 (1.2) 53.7 (1.8) 27.2
<0.01
No 57.4 (2.8) 72.3 (2.5) 63.1 (2.4) 53.0 (8.3) 56.8 (1.2) 46.3 (1.8)
LLChi-Sq. 18.8 1.8 31.0
LLProbability <0.01 0.20 <0.01
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
Yes 30.0 (2.5) 26.8 (4.1) 27.4 (2.4) 26.9 (6.3) 26.5 (2.4) 37.4 (1.8) 11.8
<0.01
No 70.0 (2.5) 73.2 (4.1) 72.6 (2.4) 73.1 (6.3) 73.5 (2.4) 62.6 (1.8)
LLChi-Sq. 0.4 0.01 12.4
LLProbability 0.53 0.94 <0.01
RESPONDENT HAS MR/DD
Yes 19.7 (4.7) 22.9 (4.4) 8.8 (2.8) 9.3 (3.6) 8.5 (2.2) 2.0 (1.0) 12.9
<0.01
No 80.3 (4.7) 77.1 (4.4) 91.2 (2.8) 90.7 (3.6) 91.5 (2.2) 98.0 (1.0)
LLChi-Sq. 0.3 0.01 14.3
LLProbability 0.61 0.92 <0.01
MENTAL/EMOTIONAL CONDITIONS
Yes 42.8 (5.1) 45.0 (4.8) 39.8 (4.1) 52.6 (6.1) 29.0 (2.4) 10.2 (2.1) 26.4
<0.01
No 57.2 (5.1) 55.0 (4.8) 60.2 (4.1) 47.4 (6.1) 71.0 (2.4) 89.8 (2.1)
LLChi-Sq. 0.1 5.0 38.5
LLProbability 0.76 0.04 <0.01
ASTHMA/EMPHYSEMA/COPD
Yes 13.0 (1.5) 11.6 (2.9) 9.6 (1.5) 16.4 (3.4) 11.7 (2.1) 9.1 (0.9) 0.9
0.35
No 87.0 (1.5) 88.4 (2.9) 90.4 (1.5) 83.6 (3.4) 88.3 (2.1) 90.9 (0.9)
LLChi-Sq. 0.1 4.4 1.9
LLProbability 0.72 0.06 0.19
# Health Conditions 1.8 (0.2) 1.6 (0.1) 1.5 (0.1) 1.8 (0.3) 1.5 (0.05) 1.4 (0.0) (.84)
P-Value of t-Test (.01) (.42) (.71)
ANY HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS, PAST 12 MONTHS
Yes 30.2 (1.5) 33.7 (4.8) 34.2 (3.0) 43.0 (5.4) 33.1 (2.6) 27.6 (3.6) 0.7
0.41
No 69.8 (1.5) 66.3 (4.8) 65.8 (3.0) 57.0 (5.4) 66.9 (2.6) 72.4 (3.6)
LLChi-Sq. 1.5 2.1 0.6
LLProbability 0.24 0.17 0.45
ANY ER VISITS, LAST 12 MONTHS
Yes 29.5 (3.2) 23.7 (4.8) 27.2 (2.7) 38.7 (5.9) 27.9 (4.3) 24.8 (3.7) 0.2
0.67
No 70.5 (3.2) 76.3 (4.8) 72.8 (2.7) 61.3 (5.9) 72.1 (4.3) 75.2 (3.7)
LLChi-Sq. 0.9 3.5 0.4
LLProbability 0.36 0.09 0.56
ANY MD VISITS, LAST 12 MONTHS
Yes 90.6 (1.8) 87.0 (2.5) 87.8 (2.7) 83.8 (3.3) 89.6 (0.8) 87.0 (1.9) 1.5
0.25
No 9.4 (1.8) 13.0 (2.5) 12.2 (2.7) 16.2 (3.3) 10.4 (1.8) 13.0 (1.9)
LLChi-Sq. 1.9 1.0 0.9
LLProbability 0.19 0.35 0.37
ANY PSYCHIATRIC TREATMENT, PAST 12 MONTHS
Yes 32.8 (4.0) 40.9 (5.7) 39.2 (3.0) 45.2 (9.0) 26.9 (2.7) 9.6 (2.7) 18.9
<0.01
No 67.2 (4.0) 59.1 (5.7) 60.8 (3.0) 54.8 (9.0) 73.1 (2.7) 90.4 (2.7)
LLChi-Sq. 1.4 0.7 17.1
LLProbability 0.26 0.43 <0.01
Total Doctor Visits in Last 12 Months 5.1 (0.5) 5.4 (0.7) 5.3 (0.5) 6.7 (0.8) 5.8 (0.3) 4.2 (0.2) (.01)
P-Value of t-Test (.80) (.21) (>.01)
STROKE
Yes 7.6 (1.6) 5.6 (1.8) 4.5 (0.7) 1.7 (1.1) 6.1 (1.5) 2.7 (0.5) 13.5
<0.01
No 92.4 (1.6) 94.4 (1.8) 95.5 (0.7) 98.3 (1.1) 93.9 (1.5) 97.3 (0.5)
LL Chi-Sq. 0.6 2.0 9.5
LL Probability 0.45 0.18 0.01
HEART ATTACK
Yes 2.6 (0.6) 3.9 (1.6) 3.0 (0.7) 2.4 (1.7) 4.1 (1.3) 1.9 (0.6) 5.9
0.03
No 97.4 (0.6) 96.1 (1.6) 97.0 (0.7) 97.6 (1.7) 95.9 (1.3) 98.1 (0.6)
LL Chi-Sq. 0.8 0.1 4.7
LL Probability 0.39 0.78 0.05

 

TABLE C-3. Characteristics of Residents by Facility Licensure Status and Size: Physical and Social Functioning
Physical and Social Function Small Medium Large Overall Effect of Licensure Status Chi-Square (Prob)
Licensed % (SE) Unlicensed % (SE) Licensed % (SE) Unlicensed % (SE) Licensed % (SE) Unlicensed % (SE)
ADL ASSISTANCE LEVEL: DRESSING
No Problem 63.6 (3.9) 74.9 (3.1) 80.4 (2.0) 94.4 (1.4) 80.6 (3.0) 92.6 (1.8) 19.7
0.01
No Assistance 2.0 (0.5) 2.7 (0.8) 1.4 (0.5) 0.0 (0.0) 1.1 (0.7) 0.4 (0.4)
Limited/Superv 19.8 (2.2) 8.2 (2.4) 12.4 (1.6) 4.9 (1.5) 12.2 (3.9) 3.4 (1.5)
Exten/Dependent 14.6 (2.3) 14.2 (2.0) 5.7 (1.2) 0.6 (0.4) 6.2 (2.0) 3.6 (1.0)
LLChi-Sq. 8.4 --- 9.6
LLProbability 0.08 --- 0.06
ADL ASSISTANCE LEVEL: GETTING AROUND
No Problem 73.5 (5.3) 84.6 (3.0) 87.1 (2.3) 82.7 (9.0) 87.2 (2.8) 90.3 (1.4) 11.7
0.03
No Assistance 7.8 (2.1) 2.1 (0.9) 6.1 (1.3) 13.8 (9.8) 6.1 (2.0) 5.6 (1.9)
Limited/Superv 9.5 (2.7) 5.5 (1.7) 4.4 (1.7) 3.0 (1.5) 2.8 (1.2) 1.0 (0.6)
Exten/Dependent 9.2 (2.1) 7.8 (2.9) 2.4 (0.6) 0.6 (0.4) 3.9 (0.7) 3.2 (1.0)
LLChi-Sq. 8.7 6.2 3.2
LLProbability 0.08 0.15 0.39
ADL ASSISTANCE LEVEL: EATING
No Problem 81.8 (5.4) 87.7 (4.3) 93.6 (1.0) 96.7 (1.4) 95.7 (1.1) 95.9 (1.2) 6.2
0.15
No Assistance 6.0 (2.2) 3.8 (1.8) 3.4 (0.6) 0.7 (0.4) 0.8 (0.5) 0.9 (0.4)
Limited/Superv 8.2 (3.0) 4.0 (2.0) 1.8 (0.9) 2.0 (1.7) 1.5 (0.4) 1.5 (0.9)
Exten/Dependent 4.0 (1.3) 4.4 (1.5) 1.3 (0.8) 0.6 (0.4) 1.9 (0.7) 1.7 (1.0)
LLChi-Sq. 2.1 12.0 0.02
LLProbability 0.58 0.03 1.00
ADL ASSISTANCE LEVEL: TRANSFERING
No Problem 81.8 (3.1) 85.7 (2.6) 91.5 (2.2) 96.3 (2.1) 94.3 (1.5) 94.8 (0.9) 19.4
0.01
No Assistance 0.9 (0.5) 1.4 (0.5) 0.4 (0.4) 0.5 (0.4) 0.3 (0.2) 1.5 (0.8)
Limited/Superv 7.6 (1.1) 4.6 (1.7) 5.2 (1.4) 2.0 (1.7) 2.3 (0.9) 0.4 (0.3)
Exten/Dependent 9.6 (2.3) 8.2 (1.8) 2.9 (1.2) 1.2 (0.6) 3.1 (1.1) 3.3 (1.0)
LLChi-Sq. 2.6 2.4 7.0
LLProbability 0.49 0.52 0.12
ADL ASSISTANCE LEVEL: TOILETING
No Problem 65.6 (4.3) 83.8 (3.1) 82.5 (1.8) 83.6 (9.7) 80.3 (3.5) 88.1 (2.1) 20.4
0.01
No Assistance 9.7 (1.1) 2.1 (0.7) 9.6 (1.2) 13.2 (10.5) 10.2 (1.9) 8.3 (1.9)
Limited/Superv 13.8 (3.2) 6.5 (1.9) 4.6 (1.3) 2.5 (1.8) 3.2 (1.7) 0.4 (0.4)
Exten/Dependent 10.9 (2.5) 7.7 (1.8) 3.4 (1.6) 0.7 (0.4) 6.4 (1.8) 3.2 (1.0)
LLChi-Sq. 22.0 5.1 6.3
LLProbability <0.01 0.21 0.15
Funct Stat # ADLS Needing Help 1.7 (0.2) 1.1 (0.2) 1.0 (0.1) 0.4 (0.1) 0.9 (0.1) 0.4 (0.1) (>.01)
P-Value of t-Test (.06) (>.01) (>.01)
ANY INCONTINENCE
Yes 42.5 (3.6) 27.2 (5.1) 24.7 (2.9) 25.2 (4.7) 27.6 (2.0) 18.1 (2.8) 10.6
0.01
No 57.5 (3.6) 72.8 (5.1) 75.3 (2.9) 74.8 (4.7) 72.4 (2.0) 81.9 (2.8)
LLChi-Sq. 5.63 0.01 4.8
LLProbability 0.03 0.93 0.05
VISITED FRIENDS AND RELATIVES IN THE PAST 20 DAYS
None 20.2 (2.2) 29.6 (5.1) 26.1 (3.2) 23.7 (67.5) 15.3 (3.0) 11.8 (2.1) 3.9
0.32
1-2 25.0 (2.1) 31.9 (4.0) 24.6 (2.0) 24.0 (3.2) 24.6 (2.5) 21.4 (2.8)
3-5 23.4 (1.5) 13.1 (2.3) 24.6 (1.5) 25.6 (2.7) 30.0 (2.4) 28.1 (2.7)
6+ 31.4 (2.4) 25.4 (7.4) 24.7 (3.0) 26.8 (5.0) 30.2 (4.9) 38.7 (4.2)
LLChi-Sq. 27.8 0.2 1.3
LLProbability <0.01 0.97 0.72
PHONED FRIENDS AND RELATIVES IN THE PAST 30 DAYS
None 40.6 (3.5) 40.5 (5.1) 32.8 (4.2) 22.3 (5.6) 24.6 (3.0) 6.3 (2.3) 53.7
<0.01
1-2 16.8 (1.6) 18.6 (3.2) 21.4 (3.2) 16.2 (3.6) 19.4 (3.2) 14.7 (2.0)
3-5 17.3 (1.1) 16.6 (2.5) 18.7 (1.8) 17.3 (2.7) 17.6 (2.8) 21.5 (3.8)
6+ 25.2 (3.7) 24.3 (4.0) 27.1 (3.2) 44.3 (4.5) 38.4 (4.2) 57.5 (4.7)
LLChi-Sq. 0.4 17.8 24.0
LLProbability 0.94 0.01 <0.01
PAST 14 DAYS, HOW OFTEN LEFT
None 33.9 (2.3) 26.9 (5.1) 39.6 (2.6) 17.3 (2.0) 39.7 (4.0) 11.4 (2.3) 16.0
0.02
Once/Twice 24.5 (2.4) 22.7 (3.9) 23.7 (2.2) 30.6 (9.5) 27.4 (1.4) 13.5 (1.2)
3 To 5 Time 15.1 (1.6) 11.6 (2.5) 10.0 (1.1) 14.6 (3.1) 14.2 (1.8) 19.0 (3.0)
6/More Times 16.1 (1.6) 23.9 (5.6) 14.6 (1.7) 17.0 (1.9) 11.9 (2.6) 26.3 (4.5)
Daily 10.4 (2.1) 15.0 (4.1) 12.1 (3.6) 20.5 (8.3) 6.7 (1.2) 29.9 (4.1)
LLChi-Sq. 4.9 16.4 11.6
LLProbability >0.1 0.02 0.06
LEFT HOME AT ALL, PAST 14 DAYS
Yes 66.1 (2.3) 74.8 (4.5) 60.8 (2.6) 82.9 (2.0) 61.1 (4.0) 88.6 (2.3) 47.3
<0.01
No 33.9 (2.3) 25.2 (4.5) 39.2 (2.6) 17.1 (2.0) 38.9 (4.0) 11.4 (2.3)
LLChi-Sq. 3.4 32.8 55.2
LLProbability 0.09 <0.01 <0.01
Mood Last 30 Days 10.4 (0.5) 10.7 (0.5) 10.6 (0.4) 10.7 (0.4) 10.4 (0.3) 9.1 (0.4) (.01)
P-Value of t-Test (.67) (.85) (.02)

 

TABLE C-4. Characteristics of Residents in Licensed Homes by Regulatory Environment: Background
Background Extensive (SE) Limited (SE) Log Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square/t-Test Probability
RESIDENT AGE
18-39 4.2 (1.2) 7.4 (1.4) 9.4 .06
40-64 14.3 (2.2) 26.0 (3.5)
65-74 13.6 (1.6) 15.2 (1.2)
75-84 29.8 (2.1) 24.6 (2.1)
85+ 38.1 (3.4) 26.7 (3.0)
GENDER
Female 67.0 (2.3) 65.3 (2.6) 0.2 .64
Male 33.0 (2.3) 34.7 (2.6)
RACE
White 92.8 (1.1) 87.5 (2.3) 22.0 <.01
Black 4.9 (1.0) 11.8 (2.3)
Asian/Pacific Islander 1.1 (0.5) 0.3 (0.3)
American Indian 0.8 (0.4) 0.0 (0.0)
Other 0.4 (0.2) 0.4 (0.2)
RESIDENT IS HISPANIC
Yes 6.4 (2.0) 2.1 (0.8) 4.8 .03
No 93.6 (2.0) 97.9 (0.8)
HIGHEST EDUCATION LEVEL
< 9th grade 18.1 (1.8) 32.7 (2.0) 48.1 <.01
Some high school 18.0 (2.0) 22.5 (2.5)
High school graduate 26.0 (1.9) 21.6 (1.6)
Trade/ technical 6.6 (1.1) 4.7 (0.8)
Some college 16.8 (1.4) 9.7 (1.3)
4 year college grad 10.8 (1.4) 6.6 (1.3)
Postgrad 3.6 (0.7) 2.2 (0.5)
RESIDENT/SPOUSE TOTAL INCOME (1992)
None 1.4 (1.0) 0.5 (0.4) 13.7 .07
<$1200 5.8 (3.0) 1.8 (0.8)
$1200-4999 2.0 (0.8) 3.5 (2.1)
$5000-8999 9.2 (2.7) 10.1 (1.9)
$9000-13,999 30.1 (5.0) 48.2 (4.5)
$14,000-24,999 26.8 (4.2) 17.1 (2.8)
$25,000-50,000 18.1 (3.6) 12.0 (3.1)
>$50,000 6.5 (2.4) 6.8 (2.5)
MEDICARE
Yes 87.4 (2.1) 79.7 (2.8) 4.9 0.03
No 12.6 (2.1) 20.3 (2.8)
MEDICAID BENEFICIARY
Yes 34.6 (4.8) 42.2 (4.4) 1.3 .25
No 65.4 (4.8) 57.8 (4.4)
SSI RECIPIENT
Yes 32.0 (4.0) 37.4 (5.2) 6.7 .41
No 68.0 (4.0) 62.6 (5.2)
SOCIAL SECURITY RECIPIENT
Yes 87.9 (1.9) 81.8 (2.1) 4.6 0.04
No 12.1 (1.9) 18.2 (2.1)
VA PENSION RECIPIENT
Yes 8.4 (1.3) 7.4 (1.4) 0.2 .62
No 91.6 (1.3) 92.6 (1.4)
AVERAGE AGE 76.9 (1.3) 70.2 (1.6) 3.2 <.01
YEAR IN FACILITY 2.4 (0.2) 3.3 (0.3) 2.3 .02

 

TABLE C-5. Characteristics of Residents in Licensed Homes by Regulatory Environment: Health and Medical Utilization
Health and Medical Utilization Extensive (SE) Limited (SE) Log Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square/t-Test Probability
SELF-RATED HEALTH
Poor 9.0 (1.6) 8.8 (1.3) 2.9 .58
Fair 30.8 (3.2) 37.2 (1.9)
Good 39.9 (2.3) 38.3 (2.6)
Very good 15.1 (2.7) 11.0 (1.8)
Excellent 5.1 (1.2) 4.8 (1.3)
RESPONDENT HAS DIABETES
Yes 10.7 (0.9) 11.8 (1.1) 0.7 .42
No 89.3 (0.9) 88.2 (1.1)
ARTHRITIS/RHEUMATISM
Yes 40.2 (3.3) 45.0 (2.2) 1.5 .22
No 59.8 (3.3) 55.0 (2.2)
HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE
Yes 27.3 (3.3) 28.0 (2.0) 0.1 .82
No 72.7 (2.4) 72.0 (2.0)
RESPONDENT HAS MR/DD
Yes 7.6 (1.0) 20.7 (2.8) 27.2 <0.01
No 92.4 (1.0) 79.3 (2.8)
MENTAL/EMOTIONAL CONDITIONS
Yes 32.7 (2.9) 40.6 (3.6) 3.0 .09
No 67.3 (2.9) 59.4 (3.6)
ASTHMA/EMPHYSEMA/COPD
Yes 11.9 (1.4) 10.4 (1.5) 0.6 .45
No 88.1 (1.4) 89.6 (1.5)
STROKE
Yes 5.8 (0.9) 6.9 (2.3) 0.2 0.62
No 94.2 (0.9) 93.1 (2.3)
HEART ATTACK
Yes 3.0 (0.6) 4.7 (1.1) 2.5 .02
No 97.0 (0.6) 95.3 (1.1)
# HEALTH COND. 1.5 (0.1) 1.7 (0.1)
ANY HOSPITAL ADMISSIONS, PAST 12 MONTHS
Yes 32.0 (1.7) 34.6 (1.2) 1.6 .21
No 68.0 (1.7) 65.4 (1.2)
ANY ER VISITS, LAST 12 MONTHS
Yes 29.4 (2.0) 24.8 (1.9) 2.7 .11
No 70.6 (2.0) 75.2 (1.9)
ANY MD VISITS, LAST 12 MONTHS
Yes 89.3 (1.8) 89.6 (1.4) 0.0 .89
No 10.7 (1.8) 10.4 (1.4)
ANY PSYCHIATRIC TREATMENT, LAST 12 MONTHS
Yes 29.0 (3.0) 37.2 (4.2) 2.6 .11
No 71.0 (3.0) 62.8 (4.2)
TOTAL MD 12 MONTHS 5.8 (0.4) 4.6 (0.4)    

 

TABLE C-6. Characteristics of Residents in Licensed Homes by Regulatory Environment: Physical and Social Functioning
Physical and Social Functioning Extensive (SE) Limited (SE) Log Likelihood Ratio Chi-Square/t-Test Probability
ADL ASSISTANCE LEVEL: DRESSING
No problem 74.1 (1.7) 83.5 (4.0) 17.2 <.01
No assistance 1.6 (0.4) 0.8 (0.3)
Limited/Supervision 14.6 (2.1) 12.2 (3.5)
Extensive/Dependent 9.6 (1.3) 3.6 (0.8)
ADL ASSISTANCE LEVEL: GETTING AROUND
No problem 82.1 (2.7) 89.4 (1.7) 12.5 .01
No assistance 7.2 (1.9) 4.7 (1.1)
Limited/Supervision 5.0 (1.2) 4.0 (1.1)
Extensive/Dependent 5.8 (0.7) 2.0 (0.8)
ADL ASSISTANCE LEVEL: EATING
No problem 90.5 (1.1) 95.7 (0.8) 14.6 <0.01
No assistance 3.1 (0.8) 1.6 (0.6)
Limited/Supervision 3.6 (0.6) 2.0 (0.5)
Extensive/Dependent 2.8 (0.5) 0.7 (0.4)
ADL ASSISTANCE LEVEL: TRANSFERRING
No problem 89.4 (1.2) 94.0 (2.2) 4.2 .25
No assistance 0.4 (0.2) 0.7 (0.3)
Limited/Supervision 4.7 (0.8) 3.2 (1.2)
Extensive/Dependent 5.5 (0.9) 2.1 (1.0)
ADL ASSISTANCE LEVEL: TOILETING
No problem 76.0 (2.9) 81.6 (3.4 12.0 0.01
No assistance 8.9 (2.7) 12.6 (1.6)
Limited/Supervision 6.9 (1.2) 3.2 (1.6)
Extensive/Dependent 8.2 (1.4) 2.5 (0.8)
FUNC. STAT # ADLS 1.2 (0.1) 0.8 (0.1)    
ANY INCONTINENCE
Yes 33.2 (1.8) 22.4 (2.9) 8.4 >0.01
No 66.8 (1.8) 77.6 (2.9)    
PAST 14 DAYS HOW OFTEN LEFT
None 38.0 (2.7) 39.3 (3.6) 3.0 .10
Once/Twice 24.6 (1.9) 29.4 (2.0)
3 to 5 Times 14.1 (1.5) 11.3 (2.1)
6/More Times 14.2 (1.8) 11.8 (1.8)
Daily 9.2 (1.4) 8.2 (2.3)
LEFT HOME AT ALL, PAST 14 DAYS
Yes 62.3 (2.6) 61.9 (3.3) 0.01 .93
No 37.7 (2.6) 38.1 (3.3)
MOOD 10.3 (0.3) 10.7 (0.2) .95 .34
VISITED FRIENDS/RELATIVES PAST 30 DAYS
None 17.3 (2.1) 23.9 (3.1) 3.8 0.29
1-2 Times 23.2 (1.6) 28.7 (2.7)
3-5 Times 28.0 (2.3) 24.8 (1.9)
6+ Times 31.5 (3.4) 22.6 (2.6)
PHONED FRIENDS/RELATIVES PAST 30 DAYS
None 30.8 (2.5) 30.0 (3.4) 5.6 0.14
1-2 Times 15.8 (1.5) 28.3 (3.3)
3-5 Times 18.6 (1.6) 15.8 (1.4)
6+ Times 34.8 (2.7) 25.8 (3.7)

 

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