As show in Exhibit 6-1, most residents were among the “old old,” with approximately one-third age 85 and older and another 30 percent age 75 to 84 years. Indeed, the average age of the residents was 75 years. Residents residing in the extensively regulated States tended to be older (77 years) than those living in homes in States with limited regulations (71 years). Residents in licensed homes were slightly younger than residents in unlicensed homes (Exhibit 6-2).
Further, the residents in this study were older than those described in studies from the early to mid-1980s. The Denver Research Institute (DRI) study found that only 38 percent of residents of similar homes were 75 or older (Dittmar and Smith, 1983). Similarly, Sherwood and her colleagues excluded nonelderly residents and still found only 42 percent of the study residents were 75 or older (Mor et al., 1986).
EXHIBIT 6-2. Age Distribution of Residents by Facility Licensure Status
6.1.2 Race, Gender, and Marital Status
The board and care resident population was overwhelmingly white (91 percent), non-Hispanic (95 percent), female (66 percent), and widowed, divorced, or never married (87 percent). This population profile remains virtually unchanged from that described in the earlier board and care studies (Dittmar and Smith, 1983).