5.5.1 Direct Care Operators
Almost half of the direct care operators of board and care homes (49 percent) earned between $15,000 and $49,999 annually; 26 percent earned less than $15,000, and 25 percent earned $50,000 or more annually. There were no significant differences between operator salary levels by facility licensure status.
Although 28 percent of the operators of small facilities reported earning less than $15,000 annually, only 7 percent of operators of large facilities reported this salary (Exhibit 5-13). However, more operators of small facilities than large facilities reported incomes greater than $75,000 annually (12 vs. 2 percent).
Almost half of staff members (46 percent) reported earning between $5.01 and $9.00 per hour; 33 percent earned between $3.00 and $5.00; and 22 percent reported earning more than $9.00 per hour. Staff in licensed and unlicensed homes received similar salaries.
Staff in large facilities appear to be somewhat better paid than their counterparts in small facilities: 18 percent reported earning more than $11.00 per hour as opposed to 8 percent of staff in small facilities. In addition, twice as many staff in small facilities as in large facilities reported earning between $3.00 and $4.00 per hour (14 vs. 7 percent).
The majority of staff members of board and care homes (83 percent) did not receive room and board as part of their pay. About half of the staff in small facilities, (49 percent) received room and board as part of their pay, while only 3 percent of staff in large facilities received room and board as part of their pay.
|EXHIBIT 5-12. Duties and Training of Staff in Board and Care Homes|
|Not RN, LVN, or LPN||28||12.8||89||2.6||NS||73||5.6||92||2.2||NS|
|LVN or LPN||51||11.8||6||0.8||18||4.6||6||2.3|
|Caring for the elderly, mentally ill, and/or people with MR/DD only||10||5.6||37||4.1||17||2.7||69||3.1|
|Medication management only||1||0.8||2||0.4||2||0.6||0||0.1|
|Caring for the elderly, MI, and/or MR/DD, and medication management||86||4.5||49||3.6||72||2.3||18||3.2|
|None of the above||2||1.3||12||1.7||9||1.7||13||4.6|
|NS = Not significant.
|EXHIBIT 5-13. Salary of Staff in Board and Care Homes by Size of Home|
|Direct Care Operators (annual salary)||b|
|Staff (hourly salary)||a|
|Room and board as part of pay (staff)||a|