Only half of the staff members in board and care homes who gave shots were LVNs or LPNs, and another one-fifth were RNs. Over one-fourth of the staff members in board and care homes who gave shots were not licensed nurses (28 percent). The vast majority of staff members who gave shots (86 percent) had training in caring for the elderly, mentally ill, and/or people with mental retardation and developmental disabilities as well as medication management, while 10 percent had training in caring for the elderly, MI, and/or MR/DD only (Exhibit 5-12).
|EXHIBIT 5-11. Duties of Staff in Board and Care Homes by Size of Home|
|Percentage of staff who...|
|Percentage of staff whose duties include...|
|Maintenance, repairs, yard work||54||4.4||24||3.1||6||2.6||a||28||5.3|
|Assisting residents with social/ recreational activities||90||2.0||88||2.8||69||3.2||b||81||1.3|
|Driving/escorting residents outside home||78||2.2||60||4.6||57||9.4||NS||65||3.4|
|Medication supervision/ management||93||1.8||82||3.0||70||5.2||a||81||2.7|
|Personal care of resident||94||1.8||87||5.2||97||1.0||NS||93||1.1|
|NS = Not significant.
In terms of passing medications, 73 percent of the staff members who claimed this responsibility were not licensed nurses; 18 percent were LVNs or LPNs and only 10 percent were RNs. As with giving shots, 72 percent of those staff members who passed medications were trained in both caring for the elderly, MI, and/or MR/DD only. Almost 10 percent of staff who passed medications had none of the above-mentioned training.