1. Department of Health and Human Services. (1997). Setting the Baseline: A Report on State Welfare Waivers. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of the Assistant Secretary for Planning and Evaluation, June. Pavetti, L., P. Holcomb, & Duke, A. (1995). State Welfare Reform Efforts: Increasing Participation in Work and Work-Related Activities Washington, D.C.: The Urban Institute, September.
Footnotes to Table IV-1
1 South Dakota, Texas and Wyoming do not require job search for TANF application approval. However, these states are unique in the fact they encourage (but do not require) TANF applicants to conduct job search while their TANF applications are pending.
2 In Indiana and Maryland, the work requirements are implemented on less than a statewide basis. In Indiana, job search is implemented in two counties. In Kentucky, the work registration requirement is in effect in 25 counties where there is an on-site employment office. In Maryland, most local departments require that applicants attend a work orientation.
3 Other work requirements include work orientation and/or work registration activities only. Twelve states, while not having specific job search requirements, do require work orientation, work registration, or both as a condition of eligibility for TANF. (States with job search requirements frequently include work registration and/or work orientation as part of the job search requirements.) California, Maine, Michigan, Montana, and Texas require work orientation only; Iowa, Kentucky, New Jersey, and Utah require work registration only; and the District of Columbia, Florida, and Wyoming require work orientation and work registration. In a thirteenth state, South Dakota, TANF applicants considered ready to work must go to the Department of Labor as opposed to the Department of Social Services to complete their TANF applications and must complete a Personal Responsibility Plan (PRP) that could, at the discretion of the DOL employment specialist, require the applicant to engage in a variety of work-related activities including job training and job search.
Footnotes to Table IV-2
1 In Indiana, the exemption related to the age of the child will become narrower in 1998. On June 1, 1998, only families with a child under the age of six months will be exempt; on December 12, 1998, only families with a child under age of 12 weeks will be exempt.
Footnotes to Table IV-3